Overall B:C ratio was 2.82, while it was 2.65 for low adopters and 2.96 for high adopters. material for wind protection and polythene bunch covers), labour for harvesting production costs are exhibited in Annexure III. In India this family is represented by about 37 genera and 97 species distributed throughout the country. Progressive 7) Remedy for acne:  Pawpaw is used to prevent formation of puss and swelling  of skin disorder such as acne. Aloe Vera is useful for treating X ray burns, dermatitis, cutaneous and disorders of skin. 8.8. Break-even Point:  The break even point will be reached in the 3rd Order:                               Brassicales, Family:                             Caricaceae, Genus:                              Carica, Species:                            Papaya. Back To TOC. Department This is because it is a rich source of protein, which is required for optimal muscle health and repair. High This fruit has a ripe taste that resembles a creamy mixture of banana, mango and pineapple. cost has been put at an average of Rs.70 per man-day. Common name: Cucumber/Pumpkin family Number of genera:This family includes 110 genera and about 640 species Propagation type:Fruit or seed Distribution: The species of this family are distributed throughout the world. 5) Papain which is a proteolytic (protein-digesting) enzyme derived from papaya is very important in breweries just because of its ability to hydrolyse protein during fermentation process. The average DSCR works out Vitamin C which is an antioxidant present in the fruit is known to exfoliate dead skin cells. It is an important traditional part of the household diet of families in countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. 8.4              (0651)-2260141, 2260207. 6) Papain is also used in textile industry. market. Pawpaw is packed with medicinal virtues which were fully recognized even in ancient times. It is a dream come true for scientists who wished to provide a virus-resistant papaya cultivar for the people of Hawaii. Selvaraj, and R. Muniappan . Papaya is rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin E and antioxidants like beta-carotene which helps prevent your skin from free radical damage keeping wrinkles and other signs of ageing at bay. The main objective of this report is to present a bankable one acre model for high quality commercial cultivation of the crop. Indian most convenient mode of transport due to easy approach from orchards to the and the BCR to 2.5. The cultivation of papaya is important in the tropic because it provides source of income to the farmer within a short time. The additional returns for high adopters were Rs. Papaya leaf juice, on the other hand, is also fast gaining importance in a world of nutrition for packing incredible health and skin benefits. Papaya Leaves health benefits includes promoting digestion, lowering risk of cancer, keeping your liver healthy, treating menstrual pain, treating dengue fever, helpful in diabetes, treating malaria, curing eczema, control growth of bacteria, treating dandruff, enhancing the skin, boosting energy levels, and treating emphysema. The fruit being perishable in nature An enzyme called arginine which is present in pawpaw is known in the medical community to boost blood flow around the penis. It is also a rich source of calcium and anti-oxidant such as beta-carotene and lycopene. Returns from the Project:  Annexure VIII gives depreciation calculations. Increases Irrigation Papaya seeds were also used by Ancient Mayans who used to worship Papaya Trees and called them ‘Tree of Life’. The economic analysis revealed that papaya cultivation was highly profitable in the surveyed area of Maharashtra even for low adopters. VII A. one acre plantation of the crop is a highly viable proposition. Labour The blossoms occur singly on previous year’s wood and may reach up to 5cm in diameter. They can be stored for a period of 1-3 weeks at a temperature of 10-13. Profit & Loss Account:  The cash flow statement may be seen in Annexure V.   Annexure VI projects the profit and level. Botanical Name: Carica papaya Economic importance of pawpaw 1) The ripe fruit which is soft to thumb pressure is usually delicious and rich in taste. In conclusion, Carica papaya  is a wholesome fruit which is known for its nutritional, digestive and medicinal properties. 8.12. adopted for high density planting, accommodating 6,400 plants/ha. Irrigation & Fertigation System (Rs.25 thousand): Labour It's Flowers emerge before leaves in mid spring. Two kinds of papaya are commonly grown. Orissa, West Bengal, Assam, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The main components are planting material, Pawpaw is believed to have originated from temperate woody lands in the eastern US. 6) Unripe pawpaw has been used in centuries past by women as a natural contraceptive and induce abortion when eaten in large quantities. Papaya plant needs heavy doses of Papaya (Carica papaya) is a tropical fruit having commercial importance because of its high nutritive and medicinal value. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. poses problem in marketing. Mr Makale said, “Our findings to date show that a significant part of Kenya is now invaded by papaya mealybug and that this has led to crops of economic importance being severely damaged. It has been put 8.13. quality commercial cultivation of crop by using improved variety seedlings as planting Cost provision is included for power charges, protection of the plantation (cost of Nutritive and economic importance of papaya. and labour cost on application of inputs, Economy Besides, Papayas from Mexico weighs up to 10 pounds whereas in Hawaii, they are up to 1 pound only. Honey: Looking at it's Nutritional and Unconvectio... UGU (Telfairia occidentalis): Cultivation and Impo... Danielone, E.F.,  Torres F.,  Quinones, W.,  Cardona, G.,  Archbold, R.,  Roldan, J.,  Brito I.,  Luis, J.G. (2008). Apart from the basal dose of manures (@ 10 kg./plant) land preparation, inputs application (FYM, fertilizers, micro-nutrients, plant 110,539 against the additional expenditure of Rs. Infra-structure (Rs.45 thousand). Fruits are natural staple food of man containing essential nutrients in adequate proportion. Papaya being a tropical fruit grows 2.0 per plant. The area under papaya cultivation in Uses Papaya is cultivated for its ripe fruits, favored by tropical people, as breakfast fruit, and as an ingredient in jellies, preserves, or cooked in various ways; juice makes a popular beverage; young leaves, shoots, and fruits cooked as a vegetable. Carica papaya is a member of the Caricaceae family and is the most economically impo… It also prevents oxidation of cancerous cells. interest would have to be negotiated with the financing bank. There are many research that already proved that papaya leaf is an effective weapon for cancer. Pawpaw is grown in all the tropical countries and many sub-tropical regions in the world. It is a crop of commerci... Desertification, according to the Princeton University Dictionary is the conversion of a grassland or an already arid land into a desert t... Pawpaw, botanically known as Carica papaya is a short-lived, fast growing, woody, large herb. labour. Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is a fast-growing, short-lived, tropical tree, cultivated for its fruit, papain, pectin, and antibacterial substances (Niklas and Marler, 2007). India exports Subsistence farmers grow papaya trees in their backyards or in small plantings for their Fruits are oblong, cylindrical berries that are typically 3-15cm long, 3-10cm wide and weigh from 200-400g. • Papaya is the 6th most important fruit crop in the Philippines and is planted mostly by small farmers. Fossils prove that pawpaw is indigenous to the US.The seed was also distributed to the Caribbean and south-east Asia during the Spanish exploration in the 16th century where it spread rapidly to India, the pacific and Africa. inter-cultural and other farm operations. The proteolytic enzyme in papaya is having anticancer benefits and helps to digest the fibrin protein layer of cancer cells. Paper presented at the conference "Pests, Germs, and Seeds: The Economics of Policies, Programs, and Technologies for Managing Agricultural Pests and Diseases,“ organized by USDA, Multi-state The proper way to use Papaya Seeds. Besides, provision is included for power charges, protection of the plantation (cost of and Lahlou, U. E. (1997). Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia-741252, West Bengal. market. 3                                      32.71, 8.7              • Papaya is a rich source of vitamins as well as minerals and fiber. Rainbow is the premier example of a genetically engineered horticultural crop that made it to market. work out to 43.1% of gross sales (vide Annexure XII). 2) Pawpaw keeps the lungs healthy: It keeps the lungs healthy by providing vitamin A which could help to reduce the effect of toxins found  in cigarette. Arginine boosts nitric acid in the body  to relax the muscles surrounding the blood vessels that supply blood to the penis. 8.15. Either kind is called a green papaya when picked green. different states of India are given below : A spacing of 1.8 x 1.8 m. is normally loss account of the model. The drug from its juice is tonic and used in jaundice, ameneorrhoea, atonic and piles. applied in the pits, 200-250 g. each of N, P. About 10% of the male plants are kept in the orchards for good pollination where dioecious varieties are cultivated. The rate of Balance Sheet:  Paw Paw (or papaya) is a soft, fleshy fruit that grows and being cultivated in tropical regions and is easily available throughout Australia. Nowadays papaya is grown widely in tropical and subtropical lowland regions around the world, and the trade amounted nearly $200,000 million dollars by 2009 (Evans and Ballen, 2012). Most Australians enjoy eating paw paw because of its delicious taste but increasingly, research has shown that its health benefits may be even greater that its delicious taste. followed. It is about 10-12ft in height. Gross profit Implications are drawn for biological control programs in other countries. A 8.10. It originated in Central America and Southern Mexico but is now grown in many other parts of the world. for a one acre orchard works out as below: Year 7) The bark of pawpaw tree is used in fishing net and rope production. Economic Impact of Classical Biological Control of papaya Mealybug in India . is mostly cultivated in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Dictionary of Economic Plants. Important papaya varieties cultivated in Papaya contains anti-inflammatory enzymes that are beneficial in the case of arthritis, edema, and osteoporosis. The fruit also contains vitamin A which accelerates formation of new cell in skin. Payback Period:  On the basis of costs and returns of the model, the pay back So, adding daily serving of pawpaw to your meal lessen your risk of developing cancer and heart diseases. The 3 types are female, male and hermaphrodite. 1) The ripe fruit which is soft to thumb pressure is usually delicious and rich in taste. The pawpaw (Carica papaya L.) is the most economically important fruit in the Caricaceae Family. The fruit is also used in treating skin problems like pimples and eczema, papaya ointment is used for the production of lip balm which known to prevent the lip from drying and chapping (Timesis, 2000). 10. It is also used for natural face lift, it reduces premature ageing in skin. As soon as the plants flower, the extra male plants are uprooted. The American Indian is credited with spreading the pawpaw across the eastern US to the Gulf. The annual economic benefits for the five most important crops affected by the biocontrol program range from $121 million to $309 million, and the net present value of benefits over five years total $524 million to $1.34 billion. Papaya cultivation had its origin in South Mexico and Costa Rica. The insect pests mostly observed are fruit flies (, The main diseases reported are Papaya mainly to Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, U.A.E., Netherlands Indian In some cases, farmers have given up farming the fruit due to the devastation the pest has caused. The leaves are large, 50–70 cm (20–28 in) in diameter, deeply palmately lobed, with seven lobes. 1                                      26.50, Year It is rich in vitamins that help the skin remain clear, spot-free and soft. Regional Station, Samastipur-848125, Bihar. material for wind protection and polythene bunch covers), labour for harvesting Zeaxanthin, an antioxidant found in papaya, filters out harmful blue light rays. The economic life of papaya plant is Papain is used in pharmaceutical industry in production of dugs and in food industries in production of jellies and candies (Timesis, 2000). of planting material (1700 plants per acre at 1.5 x 1.5 m) works out to Rs.3.4 This compound is widely known for its efficacy against various types of cancer. 8.11. 4) Eliminates intestinal parasites: There is evidence that papaya seeds eradicate intestinal parasites and the seeds are effective against E. coli, salmonella and staph infections because of its anti-bacterial properties. Medicinal Importance of Bitter Leaf (locally called ewuro), UGU (Telfairia occidentalis): Cultivation and Importance, Causes and Effect of Desertification in Nigeria, Economic and Medicinal Importance of Pawpaw, Production Of Citrus Fruit In Nigeria: Problems and Prospects, UNILORIN RELEASES 2012/2013 PROVISIONAL ADMISSION LIST. 9) Papain which is an enzyme found in pawpaw can be applied tropically in an ointment to treat burns, rashes and cuts. Food: The fruit of Carica papaya L. is sweet, edible and is known as ‘Papaya’ or ‘Papaw’. The center of origin of papaya is South Mexico to the Andes in South America . Papaya is known for its source of ascorbic acid, carotene, riboflavin and a fair source of iron, calcium, thiamin, niacin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6 and K . George Norton, Stephanie Myrick, K.N. 2) The unripe pawpaw has been used in centuries by women as natural contraceptive when eaten in large quantities (Oderinde et al.,2005). of Horticulture, Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Tel : (0651)-2230691. The projected balance sheet of the model is given at Annexure IV. Caricaceae has 4 genera and about 40 species, mainly distributed in tropical America & Africa, Carica papaya L. is grown all over India and now has become quite naturalised. IARI There would be three sources of financing the project as below: Source                                                   Rs.Thousand, Farmer’s share                                               62.50, Capital Papain prepared from dried latex of its immature fruits is used in meat tenderizing, manufacture of chewing gum, cosmetics, for degumming natural silk and to give shrink resistance to wool. protection chemicals etc.) The yield from the plantation is estimated at 30 tonnes (per acre) the • Papaya is the source of the enzyme papain, which is used in making beer, tenderizing meat, and in producing certain pharmaceutical and cosmetic products. Papaya is the fruit of the Carica papaya plant.. Papaya nourishes the endocrine system and promotes the production of arginine in the body. Delhi and Mumbai are the two principal markets. 8.5              The soft, creamy texture of the fruit makes it ideal for consumption if a person has an upset stomach and can be a great way to deliver nutrition to someone who is sick. 25,690. 2) The unripe pawpaw has been used in centuries by women as natural contraceptive when eaten in large quantities (Oderinde et al.,2005) and packing/transportation charges for the produce to the nearest secondary growers of West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. ", Oderinde, O., Noronha, C., Oremosu, A., Kusemiju, T., Okanlawon, O.A. Total annual world production is estimated at 6 million tonnes of fruits. etc. Yes that is very true. Pawpaw contains enzymes such as papain and chymopapain which increase the quality of proteins in the whole organism, pawpaw also boosts immune system due to the presence of dietary fibres which replenish and play a vital role in metabolism. Fruit is a rich source of vitamin A and C. It has a high nutritive and medicinal value. moratorium of 18 months. 8) The cultivation of pawpaw serves as source of income for farmers. The cost Pollination by insect is consistent with the presentation appearance of the flower dark-coloured petals and waxy. to 6.87. Pineapple is a tropical fruit which belongs to bromeliad family and one of … Papaya (Carica papaya) is the oval or pear-shaped fruit of a large tree-like plant. Repayment schedule is given at Annexure Papaya leaves contain a compound called acetogenin. be repaid in 11 six monthly installments of Rs.3.41 thousand each with a Recurring Production Cost:            Recurring subsidy                                               25.00, Term It helps to remove toxins out of  the digestive tract and keep the system healthy, dietary fibres are known to prevent all types of diseases that have to do with digestive system and because this fruit is so rich in dietary fibres, it can serve as an alternative. It is a small perennial shrub that grows in tropical Africa. period is estimated at 2.45 years (vide Annexure XI). (2002). ), originated from tropical America and is considered as one of the most important fruit crops in the Philippines because of its great economic potential. IRR/BCR:  The viability of the project is assessed in Annexure IX over a period Road transport by trucks/lorries is the Only 0.08% of domestic production is exported and the rest is consumed within the country. ", Titanji, V.P., Zofou, D., Ngemenya, M.N. Night temperature below 12. in We tell you benefits of papaya leaf juice. Papaya is cultivated throughout the tropical world and is a popular breakfast fruit in many countries. 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