This is done by the principle of abrogation according to today’s needs and values. Frequently, conservative and fundamentalist Muslims use this part of the verse in order to demonstrate how a well-behaved Muslim woman is ought to behave towards her spouse, while critics of Islam use it in order to demonstrate how Islam is inherently oppressing women. An-Nisa Translations of the Qur'an. The details how out of that 'being' its mate was created are not known to us. - Ed.) This is a great post. Revealed At: MADINA. The Surah An-Nisa’ in particular demonstrates how a Surah´s meaning can be significantly skewed due to a lack of necessary in-depth background knowledge. Another case that belongs to the penal law is when a men strikes his wife. This Surah contains many lessons for Muslims to live by. This part of the verse advises men to leave the tent and vacate the place for the woman. 2. leave them in their beds alone and abandon them (the woman) in the house and bedroom Fahjorouhonnà fi mazaje’ehennà (اُهْجُرُوهُنَّ فی اُاْمَضَاجِعِ). These are good examples of how women should be treated and the responsibilities and leadership roles that women should take on in society. This case of resistance is also referred to as Noshouz. Telephone USA (508)580-8350, UK +44 7429 313215, India 91 98490 58466, Pakistan +92 300 8338033 . Indeed, by examining the verses separately, one will most likely lose their true meaning and/or aim. As such, in order to understand the Quran’s words and terms, one must have a background in the Aramaic and Syriac languages. Its contents invite to Faith, justice, taking examples from the nations of the past, breaking the ties of friendship with the enemies of Allah, and supporting the orphans. Topics Covered in Surah Al Nisa. If the woman changes her attitude, the “strike” must be lifted immediately. Author: Urdu Translation: Maulana Mehmood-ul-Hassan - Tafsir Allama Shabbir Ahmed Usmani. Section 5: Woman's rights over her property | An Enlightening Commentary into the Light of the Holy Qur'an vol. Indeed, Allah is ever Knowing and Acquainted (with all things). As such, zarb is an auxiliary verb. For instance, the expression zarb seke (ضرب سكّه) refers to impregnate a coin. In the next part of the verse, Mohammed offers advice to the judges and mediators how to guide men who are confronted with Noshouz. It constituted a first step towards the establishment of women rights by proscribing men to simply abandon their wife as was frequently done during those days. A verse in the Surah states: Men are in charge of women by (right of) what Allah had given one over the other and what they had spend (for maintenance) from their wealth. Hence, when we go back to fàzrebouhonna, it refers to applying a strike to them, not a strike physically but a strike by withholding the financial support and alimony (2). He was therefore not just a prophet and spiritual guide but also a statesman and leader, who dealt with worldly matters and societal issues. Therefore, the verse was intended for the judges and arbitrators to guide them on how to deal with any domestic disputes and offer guidance to men who were dealing with a difficult situation at home. 4. That is, how can two completely different translations of the same verses develop? Fighting and using any forceful behavior in order for men to impose their desires upon women is not legitimized nor propagated by the Quran. However, credible and reliable resources about Islam are scarce. Indeed, incorrect interpretations such as these have legitimized the beating, stoning and forced marriage of women for centuries. Together they sit down in order to fix an alimony for the wife which is to be paid by the husband during the period of separation until the woman remarries. Abdul Majid Daryabadi, 4/An-Nisa-161: And also because of their taking usury whereas they were prohibited therefrom, and also because of their devouring the riches of men unlawfully. Indeed, the word fàzrebouhonna is often used within the context of the penal law and misinterpreted as a permission to beat women. In old Arabic they would say “Inna le houbatunawalu ha” which means I have dependence upon myself first. As a result, every woman was completely at the grace of her spouse as there were no legal laws protecting her. It is difficult to decide accurately which verses have a place with which talk, similarly as it is hard to settle the correct time of the disclosure of those verses. Surah Al Mumtahanah, As Saff, Surah Al Jumuah, Al Munafiqun throws its light And reflects the examined ones, the ranks, the congregations, and hypocrites. As such, while today the single unit of a family is by most defined as a committed relationship between two people, the tribal structure during Mohammed’s lifetime was based on a patriarchal system in which the man was on top of the hierarchy, thereby bestowing him the status of the only decision maker. And live with them (women) in kindness. Next to Surah Al-Baqarah, it is the longest Surah of the Qur'an from the point of the number of words and letters. This is similar to books of Shakespeare that have been translated into contemporary English, with added commentaries for better comprehension. For if you dislike them – perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah makes therein much good. We will do this by examining the Surah of the Women, the Surah An-Nisa’, within the cultural climate and context during the days of the Prophet Mohammed. The most important of these verses occurs in Surat al-Nisa’ (“Women”), the fourth chapter of the Qur’an. Surah An-Nisa (The Women) No.4 (177 verses) This Surah, which contains 177 verses, was revealed in Medina. The aim and the guidance of the Quran is to apply kindness, not disrespect, even when the couple finds itself in a state of dislike and absence of love. Background: Madinah surah. 5-5 Do not trust property to feebleminded people. This part of the verse refers to those women, who are resisting their spouse and their family and who disrupt the harmony of the home because they cannot regulate their emotions and temper. How was divergence from the original meaning able to occur? Both have to be kind to each other and control their ego from applying any physical force or verbal offensiveness. Offering you Holy Quran Translation and Quran Transliteration in English and several other languages, Quran recitation has never been easier. Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and Grand. While the Surah An-Nisa is commonly utilized by fundamentalists in order to sanction and legitimize the maltreatment of women, this essay proposes quite the opposite, namely that the Surah An-Nisa’ aims to: (a) secure women’s rights for autonomy and independency and to, (b) introduce the concept of a family unit to the tribal culture of the Arabian Peninsula during the Time of Ignorance. Below you will be able to read Surah An Nisa with transliteration and translation. With our Al Quran explorer feature, just with a tap you can select the Surah you want to recite or listen mp3 audio! Women became more resistant to the oppression that had pervaded society. 2. tasisi: referring to laws that had preexisted the time of Mohammad and that were entirely rejected by him and replaced by new ones. People who translate the Quran must be aware of this influence and translate the Quranic verses accordingly. Today, many scholars and religious authorities rely on Hadiths and Revayats. Copyright © 2006-2016 Seyed Mostafa Azmayesh, All Rights Reserved |, قَانِتَاتُ حَافِظَاتُ لُِلْغَيْبِ بِمَا حَفِظَ اللَّهُ, وَ اللَّا تيِ تَخَافُونَ نُشُوزَهُنَّ, Science & Spirituality – Creation and Human History According to Sacred Scriptures. Indeed, according to the Quran, a husband is not released from this responsibility even after the couple has divorced, until the former wife remarries. SURAH NISA KEY VERSES: Based on this, we can differentiate between three types of laws that existed during Mohammad’s lifetime: 1. amdahi: these were the laws that had preexisted the time of Mohammad and that were signed and sealed by him, thereby legitimizing the continuation of their application. Yet, a new angle on this verse is that it was intended to advise the judges and the arbitrators of that time, who were confronted with the task to resolve the quarrels within a family and tribe. This Chapter is also known as ‘Sab’al Masani’ – ‘The Seven repeatedly recited Verses’ and also known as ‘Ummul Quran’ – ‘The Mother of Quran’. 1.3. Yet, most if not all translations of the Quran that can be obtained in bookstores are either literal translations that do not take these details under consideration or they are translations of translations or commentaries of the Quran. The Surah An-Nisa’ reflects a case of tasisi where Mohammed rejected a preexisting law that actively oppressed women and replaced it by a new one. Keep up the good work.https://faizanquranacademy.com/quran-academy/learn quran online for kids. It is important to emphasize that the you directly addresses the wise elders and authorities of the community. By examining these hypotheses, the essay furthermore introduces some of the challenges about interpreting and understanding the Quran. Today, we would probably say one leaves the house until the situation has cooled off. At first glance, the most obvious meaning that one can derive from this verse is that men are permitted to simply hit and beat women. The punishment of usurping the property of the orphans. This meant that Mohammad had to scrutinize and revise preexisting laws and, if required, implement new ones. The Surah of the Bees (Surah 16) and the Surah of the Ants (Surah 27) both focus on the female´s leadership role who in both Surahs leads the tribe and overlooks the growth of the hive or stock. Instead, it is an amalgam of different languages such as Aramaic and Syriac. 1.4. Weak people of society are mentioned in this Surah. Surah Al-Fatiha is a prayer form Allah, and a complete guidance for the mankind. It also shows the Quran’s role as the authoritative source for Muslims. Ayesha Ra said Surah An-Nisa was revealed after she… One can go even a step further and claim that one can only understand the Surahs when they are examined within the context of the other Surahs that they are embedded in, until one reaches the corpus of the entire Quran which can only be understood when examined within the historical and cultural context that it was embedded in during its creation. As such, the principles mentioned in the Quran can be changed and adjusted if they serve the development of humanity and value everyone’s right. Most importantly, this must happen under the supervision of a higher authority such as a judge or an arbitrator. The verse continues on to the second group of women, b) from whom you fear the resistance and no-familial harmony ( وَ اللَّا تيِ تَخَافُونَ نُشُوزَهُنَّ). Beginners like me will get some benefit after reading this post. The situation of women during the time of Mohammad was dire. According to the concept of nàfàgheh, it is a husband’s task to provide for his wife. Speak to The Noble Qur'an in many languages in an easy-to-use interface. Dr. Azmayesh stresses, that time has come to introduce people to the essence of Islam which encourages people to do good deeds, and love, respect and value all human beings no matter what their race, religious or spiritual affiliation, or gender. And for the in... An-Nisa-161, Surah The Women Verse-161 / The Noble Qur'an (Read Qur'an in English, Listen Qur'an) Through this, a social contract between the couple was established, which prevented men to simply abandon a woman as it pleased them. One can see that the tone of the verse completely changes. Surah al-Nisa' This is a Madani Surah revealed to the Prophet -peace be upon him- between the years 3 and 5 of Hijrah. Talliun: the principle of an eye for an eye. Order in which revealed: 92. The name, as usual, is symbo... Introduction It is a Meccan Surah which is revealed before Surah Al An’am. Surah Nisa translation has been done in many languages over the years so that Muslims that speak a different language can understand the laws of Islam given by Allah (سبحان و تعالىٰ). In the Quran, this word is used in the context of adultery where both parties involved are supposed to be punished with 100 beats each. But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance – [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], strike them. However, there are a large number of people who want to read Surah Nisa with English translation. Although tàlâgh is not mentioned, fundamentalists frequently misuse the verse in order to justify the divorce of a wife who is deemed as having been disobedient. holds on to their position, a separation should occur between them. A second reason which shall be named here is the language of the Quran and the significant influence of pre-existing scriptures. In Surah Al Nisa, following topics are discussed – 1-1 Creation of mankind. 1.1. Indeed, the Quran does not give any right to men to behave aggressively or erratically towards women in or outside the house. During the remainder of his lifetime, Abu Hurairah came up with about 5000 Revayats, which he based on his knowledge of Judaism and which he attributed directly to Mohammed. Rather than deeming the Queen of Sabah as an enemy, King Salomon invited her to Jerusalem and welcomed her with a big fanfare, showing his respect and his veneration of her. Answers to the oppositions of Mushrik Arabs as well as neighboring Jews and Christians. Three years before the death of Mohammad, he converted from Judaism to Islam. The Surah An-Nisa’: a social reform attempt. This distinction is important and leads us back to our discussion of the Surah An-Nisa’. Fear your Lord Who created you from a single soul and made its mate from within it, and from thatpair spread many men and women and fear Allah in Whose name you ask for (your rights) and pay attention tothe ties of relationship. The construct “family”, as we know it today, did not exist. Surah Al Hujurat (in Arabic text: الحجرات) is the 49th chapter of the Qur’an with 18 ayats. In addition, previous scriptures had a very significant influence on the Quran and as such, besides being knowledgeable of the Aramaic and Syriac languages, one has to be able to weave in knowledge about the ancient scriptures that preceded the Quran in order to begin to understand its content. This Surah was revealed when Aisha had moved into the home of Muhammad (saw). Men and women received the same punishment. That means, if the original translation has crocks, these crocks will be replicated with each translation. Based on erroneous translations as mentioned above, this verse is frequently used by men in order to justify the oppression of women. In the first step the judge(s) advise(s) the men on how to deal with the situation, then in the second step the couple is encouraged to reconciliate. The arbitrators should sit down together and confer about a solution for the couple. You can find Surah Nisa mp3 on Humariweb.com. There are a number of stories in the Quran that illustrate a harmonious and respectful relationship between a man and a woman, and emphasize the leadership role of women, in- and outside of the house. In fact, what a woman earns she can keep for herself, while what a man earns he has to share with his wife and family. amdahi: laws preexisting the time of Mohammad and that were signed and sealed by him, thereby legitimizing the continuation of their application. Jeld: to strike (when referring to striking the skin), Nàfàgheh: alimony that a man has to pay to his wife, Noshouz: women‘s resistance towards their husband’s desires. It is even plausible to claim that a true understanding of the Quran’s verses and Surahs can only be attained, when examining them within the context of the other verses and eventually the Surahs that they are embedded in. Surat An-Nisā' (The Women) - سورة النساء Surah 4. Evidently, this matter is a question concerning obligations and responsibilities and these topics are a part of the family law within Islamic law. Surah Al-Nisa (Ø³ÙØ±Û Ø§ÙÙØ³Ø§Ø¡ ) - Read Quran Translation ... Read Surah Al-Nisa ( Ø³ÙØ±Û Ø§ÙÙØ³Ø§Ø¡ ) from the Quran in URDU - Tafseer Usmani with Urdu Tarjama. This verse explicitly asks men to be kind to their wives, even when they sense a dislike towards them. Instead, he must pay the children’s and mother’s daily alimony. Surah Al Waqiah and Surah Al Hadeed Tells about the inevitable and the iron that we need Surah Al Mujadilah and Surah Al Hashr is compiled To describe the pleading women and exile. And do not make difficulties for them in order to take [back] part of what you gave them unless they commit a clear immorality. Taghiiri: laws that were modified by Mohammad. Polygamy was the norm and often, men had two or more wives whose place was the tribe’ s tent. Yet, another expression would be zarbul masal (ضربُ المثل) which means to give an example. 3. There are three main themes of this Surah: Establishment of the new Islamic social order after removing the pre-Islamic Jahili system. Surah Al-Nisa This Surah contains various talks uncovered between the later piece of 3 A.H. all the way to the finish of 4 A.H., and conceivably even the early piece of 5 A.H. The Surah An-Nisa’ and the case of Noshouz. Within these Revayats, there are direct quotations that are attributed to the Prophet, named Hadiths. The word’s meaning becomes evident when we examine the verse more closely: The infinitive form of fàzrebouhonna is zarb (ضرب), which can be translated as to apply. When this occurs, the wife either returns to her parental house or, if she is rich enough and owns a house, she can live on her own. Instead of “righteous women, who are devoutly obedient to men”, the verse conveys an image of women who are wise and who are the protectors of values. Indeed, translating the Quran is a difficult undertaking. and fàzrebouhonna means to apply to them! It is the longest of all Meccan Surahs with 206 verses. There is, for instance, the Surah of the Queen of Saba (Surah 34) who ruled over a vast kingdom during the time of Salomon. In line with this, verse 19 of the Surah An-Nisa’ states that: O you who have believed (the companions of Prophet Muhammad), it is not lawful for you to inherit women by compulsion. email email@example.com It is the longest of all Meccan Surahs with 206 verses. 3-3 Restrictions on number of wives. Briefly explain the main themes in 6: 101-103 and describe their importance in a Muslim's life. Surah (Chapter) Number: 4 Number of Verses: 176 English Meaning: Women Covers Quran Juz 4 to 6 The following are some of the topics covered in Surah An-Nisa. Namely, the Quran offers advises and teachings to people (I) and offers descriptions and direct accounts of the circumstances and societal structure during Mohammad’s lifetime (II & III). It is particularly this last part of the verse that has been at the core of much controversy and discussion. 1.7. Period. This part of the verse refers to those women, who are the protector of the values at home and who uphold the harmony within the home and the family. Instead, tribal hierarchies shaped society and people based their identity on the status of their tribe. If a reconciliation cannot be attained, the next step is to find two mediators, one from the wife’s family and one from the husband’s family, and to have them come together with the family in order to find a solution and settlement for both sides. Yet, as we have seen in the example of the Surah An-Nisa’, the description of society back then is frequently mistaken for recommendations. The guidance of the verse is directed at them. Surah An-Nisa', Verse 26 Respect of rights of property and life -Woman has as much right over her property as man -Similarly in the matter of inheritance. 2. Indeed, the Surah An-Nisa’ has been at the core of many controversial debates and its false interpretation has contributed to an image of Islam as a religion of hate and intolerance. Abu Hurairah was a notable scholar within the Jewish community, who had an in-depth knowledge of the scriptures of that time. 1.5. 6-6 Train the orphans to manage their properties. Here, a woman is allowed strike back the man according to the principle of talliun (an eye for an eye). One might wonder why such great divergence from the original text was able to develop to begin with. The historical context during which the Surah An-Nisa came into being. (35) And if you fear dissension between the couple, select an arbitrator from his people and an arbitrator from her people. At another place, the Qur'an specifies that the one person from whom the human race spread in the world was Adam. The woman can decide to forgive the man and withhold any punishment and/or ask for a financial compensation. The case of adultery is part of the penal law. Surah Nisa is also said to benefit the one who recites it. If she does not change her attitude and behavior at all, it is clear that the couple can no longer live in the same house. It ... Haza min rabbi fadhli | Arabic Calligraphy | Islam... Surah Baqarah Ayat (261-274) | Spending in way of ... 25 Characteristics of Hypocrites mentioned in the Qur'an, Commandments & Prohibitions mentioned in Surah Al Isra (22-39), Story of Prophet Salih & People of Thamud, Surah A'raf Notes (187) | The Last Hour and its Portents. If, for instance a woman did not conform to the man’s needs and desires, he could easily abandon her. The word eslâh furthermore means to solve the problem, by for instance reconciliating with each other. The Occident and its attempt to try to understand Islam. Three shall be named here: 1. made by the Quran on how to do things now, such as men should dominate and oppress women. This essay will discuss verse 4:34 and the ways in which it has been interpreted both by traditional medieval scholars and by contemporary Muslims from a variety of backgrounds and perspectives. Imam Raghib says everything that is forbidden intensely and If you do it than you deserve to be scolded. Revayats are fabricated stories that were attributed deliberately and incorrectly to the founder of Islam, Prophet Mohammad. As such, the financial support of the family lies on the shoulders of men who are prohibited from withholding the wife’s daily alimony, even if she is wealthy and receives a high salary. Chapter 4: AN-NISA (WOMEN). 4 | Al-Islam.org The name, as usual, is symbo... Introduction It is a Meccan Surah which is revealed before Surah Al An’am. History & Period of Revelation: Chapter An-Nisa may appear theoretically to be the 4 th Surah of Quran, but it was approximately the 100 th Surah according to the classification of Surah based on the Islamic traditions.. For reference, please see Robinson Neal’s “Discovering the Quran: A contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text” London: SCM Press LTD. 1966 Print 77. As such, Mohammad was confronted with different kinds of norms and laws during his lifetime. It is important to note the societal change that this verse propagated. As was pointed out before, the verse sets the foundation for the formation of a family unit within the Arabian Peninsula´s tribal society during the time of Mohammed. The surah was sent by Allah to eradicate the earlier practices of paganism. Be aware of your Rabb! Many contemporary religious scholars rely on these Revayats and Hadiths, which have increased exponentially throughout history, instead of examining the Quran directly. Instead, it advises a couple to either live peacefully and respectfully with each other or to peacefully separate. Indeed, the Surah An-Nisa’ has been at the core of many controversial debates and its false interpretation has contributed to an image of Islam as a religion of hate and intolerance. Before we begin to examine the verses’ meaning more closely, it is important to point to the necessity to examine them concurrently and how they relate to each other. It is known as Adl (justice) and rahma (mercy). It is in the fourth chapter of the Quran, with 176 verses, 24 rukus, and 4-5 juz. Themes: These verses of Surah An'aam speak of the absolute Unity and Supreme Authority of Allah over the whole of the universe. While this sentence might at first glance seem rather harsh, it is important to note that it advises men to leave the house and take distance from the home. The second line of the verse, is often translated as: So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband’s] absence what Allah would have them guard. SURAH NISA MAIN TOPICS: Permission of four marriages, Orphans care, Commandments regarding Inheritance, Immorality Punishment, Lawful Women for Marriage, Mention of Men’s superiority over Women, Intoxication & Prayer, Obey God, Prophet And Your Rulers, Blood Money, Instructions regarding Witnesses, characteristics of Hypocrites, crucifixion of Jesus. Frequently, this sentence is put out of context and misused by men and women alike in order to justify a patriarchal society and the active oppression of women. These two verses (34 and 35) guide the judges of the Muslim community how to peacefully settle a family quarrel. The continuation of verse 34, verse 35, addresses the mediation between the husband and wife: And if you fear dissension between the couple, select an arbitrator from his people and an arbitrator from her people. Today, there are a multitude of Revayats and Hadiths most of which are plain inventions, aimed at pursuing and justifying the goals of certain interest groups. The following is a translation of two particular verses (34 and 35) of the Surah An-Nisa’ (Surah 4) as it can be found on an open to the public website: (34) Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. Huuban comes from hawba. For instance, a central figure during the time after Mohammad’s death was a man named Abu Hurairah (Abū Hurayrah ad-Dawsī al-zahrani). 1.2. This skill made Abu Hurairah a very notable and respectable man during his lifetime. On one side, there are the fundamentalists who are abusing a religion in order to pursue their own power-driven agenda. 7-10 Laws of inheritance. The current political situation in Europe and the Middle East confronts Islam and its believers with a challenging situation. For instance, while for most people in Western countries it may seem normal for a man to pay alimonies to his divorced wife, this thought was quite revolutionary back then. If they both desire reconciliation, Allah will cause it between them. This is the true essence of Islam as Prophet Mohammad propagated it. With our Al Quran explorer feature, just with a tap you can select the Surah you want to recite or listen mp3 audio! Therefore, in the case of a sheghâgh (separation), you, referring once more to a mediator, have to find an arbitrator (hàkàm) from the husband’s family and another arbitrator (hàkàm) from the wife’s family. 4-4 Obligation of dowry. So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband’s] absence what Allah would have them guard. Describe in detail the main teaching of surah al nisa Describe in detail the main teaching of surah al nisa a) In these verses of Surah Al-Anaam the theme of Tawhid is explained. In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 2: In Arabic, to strike someone physically is referred to as jeld which can also be translated as skin. Total Verses: 176. 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