People from Cape Breton have also achieved a number of firsts in Canadian politics and governance. He composed a song about the area called "O 's àlainn an t-àite", or "O, Fair is the Place.". This situation still obtained in the early twentieth century. The Cabot Trail loops in either direction, starting from Baddeck or the Trans Canada … [24], From 1939 on, attempts were made to strengthen its position in the public school system in Nova Scotia, but funding, official commitment and the availability of teachers continued to be a problem. Cape Breton is known for its spectacular beauty, vibrant living cultures and outdoor adventure and this is especially so during our winters. Large-scale shipbuilding began in the 1790s, beginning with schooners for local trade moving in the 1820s to larger brigs and brigantines, mostly built for British shipowners. Statistics Canada in 2001 reported a "religion" total of 145,525 for Cape Breton, including 5,245 with "no religious affiliation. [24], Most Gaelic settlement in Nova Scotia happened between 1770 and 1840, with probably over 50,000 Gaelic speakers emigrating from the Scottish Highlands and the Hebrides to Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. Spoken in three languages and celebrated in her music and dance. Cape Breton poem by Elizabeth Bishop. Which means we are constantly looking for talent to help us build our ranks. Nova Scotia Historical Society., p.40, C. J. MacGillivray. There’s no need to break the bank when you’re looking to fill up a fun day on the Island. “Wendy’s house, unlike many in Cape Breton, had three floors, along with a basement and attic. Its first Lieutenant-Governor was Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres (1784–1787) and his successor was William Macarmick (1787). It was then merged with the adjacent, British colony of Nova Scotia (present day peninsular Nova Scotia and New Brunswick). During the American Revolution, on 1 November 1776, John Paul Jones – the father of the American Navy – set sail in command of Alfred to free hundreds of American prisoners working in the area's coal mines. Cape breton, golf was invented for places like this. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Their traditional lifestyle centred around hunting and fishing because of the unfavourable agricultural conditions of their maritime home. Marconi's contributions to Cape Breton Island were also quite significant, as he used the island's geography to his advantage in transmitting the first North American trans-Atlantic radio message from a station constructed at Table Head in Glace Bay to a receiving station at Poldhu in Cornwall, England. Here, you’ll find a lifetime of adventure packed on our 110-mile long island. The Rankin Family and Rita MacNeil have recorded multiple albums certified as Double Platinum by Music Canada.[38]. 37 single family homes for sale in Cape Breton NS. According to the Census of Canada, the population of Cape Breton [Economic region] in 2016 / 2011 / 2006 / 1996 was 132,010 / 135,974 / 142,298 / 158,260. This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 05:54. The island's primary east–west road is Highway 105, the Trans-Canada Highway, although Trunk 4 is also heavily used. The first 18-hole courses in Scotland were, and are, wild, rugged, spectacular landscapes. He succeeded Macarmick as head of the colony and served from 1795 to 1798. Cape Breton artists who have been recognized with major national or international awards include actor Harold Russell of North Sydney, who won an Academy Award in 1946 for his portrayal of Homer Parrish in The Best Years of Our Lives, and Lynn Coady and Linden MacIntyre of Inverness County, who are both past winners of the Giller Prize for Canadian literature. Cape Breton is an island at the tip of Nova Scotia - one of the Maritime provinces in Eastern Canada. Cape Breton University Seeking Public Support for New Centre The Centre for Discovery and Innovation will be a state-of-the-art, modern research and instructional facility. It has the largest readership of any publication based in Cape Breton. I hope you will want to help me tell everyone who cares about Cape Breton Island that the website is available. Although Cape Breton is part of Nova Scotia, it has a distinct identity. Cape Breton Island is renowned for its Cabot Trail, its dramatic coastal views, variety of hiking trails, world-class golf, and Celtic culture. The turn of the 20th century saw Cape Breton Island at the forefront of scientific achievement with the now-famous activities launched by inventors Alexander Graham Bell and Guglielmo Marconi. 82, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway, removing excessive or indiscriminate images, "Narrative of a shipwreck on the island of Cape Breton, in a voyage from Quebec 1780 [microform]", "Fortress of Louisbourg Visitation Numbers", "Great Scots: The past comes to life at Highland Village Museum", "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Cape Breton, County [Census division], Nova Scotia and Nova Scotia [Province]", Table from Statistics Canada – Cape Breton & Richmond Counties, Woman wants Cape Breton flag designed by her daughter recognized – Football, "Revocation of licences for the rebroadcasting stations CBIT Sydney and CBKST Saskatoon and licence amendment to remove analog transmitters for 23 English- and French-language television stations", "Joseph Cormier – Scottish Violin Music From Cape Breton Island", "Cape Breton film gets 'overwhelming' reaction at Berlin film festival", "Place-Names and Places of Nova Scotia/with an introd. It is the island's largest commercial centre and home to the Cape Breton Post daily newspaper, as well as one television station, CJCB-TV (CTV),[Note 1] and several radio stations. Judique is recognized as 'Baile nam Fonn', (literally: Village of Tunes) or the 'Home of Celtic Music', featuring the Celtic Music Interpretive Centre. In Nova Scotia, poetry and song in Gaelic flourished. [25] The majority of those settling in Nova Scotia from the end of the 18th century through to middle of the next were from the Scottish Highlands, rather than the Lowlands, making the Highland tradition's impact more profound on the region. Out on the high bird islands Ciboux and Hertford the razorbill auks and the sillylooking puffins all stand with their backs to the mainland . Cape Breton Island (French: Île du Cap-Breton—formerly Île-Royale; Scottish Gaelic: Ceap Breatainn or Eilean Cheap Breatainn; Mi'kmaq: Unamaꞌkik; or simply Cape Breton) is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America and part of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. It currently has a population of roughly 99,000 inhabitants and occupies a total land area of approximately 2,400 square kilometres. A number of United Empire Loyalists emigrated to the Canadian colonies, including Cape Breton. Petroleum, bulk coal, and cruise ship facilities are also in Sydney Harbour. English is now the primary language, including a locally distinctive Cape Breton accent, while Mi'kmaq, Scottish Gaelic and Acadian French are still spoken in some communities. By 1931 the number of Gaelic speakers in Nova Scotia had fallen to approximately 25,000, mostly in discrete pockets. In Cape Breton, we value diversity! Timothy Hierlihy and his Times: The story of the Founder of Antigonish, N.S. It’s etched in her craggy cliffs. This traditional fiddle music of Cape Breton is studied by musicians around the world, where its global recognition continues to rise. [6] However, European histories and maps of the period are of too poor quality to be sure whether Cabot first visited Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island. The Canadian Coast Guard College is nearby at Westmount. © Thu Dec 03 10:23:46 PST 2020 Cape Breton Credit Union. [20], From 1799 to 1807, the military commandant was John Despard,[21] brother of Edward.[22]. While the Cape Breton Regional Municipality is in transition from an industrial to a service-based economy, the rest of Cape Breton Island outside the industrial area surrounding Sydney-Glace Bay has been more stable, with a mixture of fishing, forestry, small-scale agriculture, and tourism. In about 1521–22, the Portuguese under João Álvares Fagundes established a fishing colony on the island. Today, Cape Breton is an island famous for its Celtic heritage, which visitors may enjoy through the music, food and charm of the people. As many as two hundred settlers lived in a village, the name of which is not known, located according to some historians at what is now Ingonish on the island's northeastern peninsula. It’s that magical time of year when the temperature starts dropping and snow blankets the landscapes. These claims, and larger European ideals of native conquest were the first time the island was incorporated as European territory, though it would be several decades later that treaties would actually be signed (no copies of these treaties exist). Although the island is physically separated from the Nova Scotia peninsula by the Strait of Canso, the 1,385 m (4,544 ft) long rock-fill Canso Causeway connects it to mainland Nova Scotia. After the French ceded their claims to Newfoundland and the Acadian mainland to the British by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, the French relocated the population of Plaisance, Newfoundland, to Île Royale and the French garrison was established in the central eastern part at Sainte Anne. While commercial shipping no longer uses the St. Peters Canal, it remains an important waterway for recreational vessels. Cape Breton Island has been ranked the #1 Island in North America by Condé Nast Traveler readers. If traveling by ground, the Trans-Canada Highway 104 leads to Cape Breton Island. There are direct flights to Sydney from Toronto and Montreal and from other North American and European cities via Halifax. For other uses, see. Winter is no time to sit back and let the season pass you by, it's full of adventure, events and hospitality. In 1936, the federal government established the Cape Breton Highlands National Park covering 949 km2 (366 sq mi) across the northern third of the Highlands. Point Edward on the west side of Sydney Harbour is the location of Sydport, a former navy base (HMCS Protector) now converted to commercial use. In the 1960s, the Fortress of Louisbourg was partially reconstructed by Parks Canada. These settlements lasted only one generation, until Nicolas Denys left in 1659. While French settlers returned to their homes in Île Royale after the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle was signed in 1748,[12] the fortress was demolished after the second siege. Following his successful invention of the telephone and being relatively wealthy, Bell acquired land near Baddeck in 1885, largely due to surroundings reminiscent of his early years in Scotland. Their total population at the 2016 census numbered 132,010 Cape Bretoners; this is approximately 15% of the provincial population. George Emmerson argues that an "ancient and rich" tradition of storytelling, song, and Gaelic poetry emerged during the 18th century and was transplanted from the Highlands of Scotland to Nova Scotia, where the language similarly took root there. Its name may derive from Capbreton near Bayonne, or more probably from Cape and the word Breton, the French demonym for Bretagne, the French historical region. [24], The Gaelic language became dominant from Colchester County in the west of Nova Scotia into Cape Breton County in the east. If you are looking to work with one of the best Brokerages in the area, click below! Warm-Up to winter with our ‘Bring Your Own Bubble Contest’! Others need emergency medical treatment to survive. Cape Breton Island's hydrological features include the Bras d'Or Lake system, a salt-water fjord at the heart of the island, and freshwater features including Lake Ainslie, the Margaree River system, and the Mira River. Both claimed in 1908; territories formed in 1962 (British Antarctic Territory) and 1985 (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands). At one time, Glace Bay was known as the largest town in Nova Scotia, based on population. Son of Bruce Guthro. It’s the perfect time to explore Cape Breton Island. Guthro resides in Hammonds Plains, Nova Scotia. The French quickly defeated the Scots at Baleine, and established the first European settlements on Île Royale: present day Englishtown (1629) and St. Peter's (1630). Written in the trails that marble her face. Cape Breton is known for its spectacular beauty, vibrant living cultures and outdoor adventure and this is especially so during our winters. The establishment of funding for the Gaelic College of Celtic Arts and Crafts and formal Gaelic language courses in public schools are intended to address the near-loss of this culture to English assimilation. The North Highlands Nordic Ski Club (NHN) was founded in 1977 by a small group of enthusiastic cross country skiers who shared a love of winter and of the splendid scenery in the Northeast Highlands Area of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. The scenery of the island is rivalled in northeastern North America by only Newfoundland;[citation needed] and Cape Breton Island tourism marketing places a heavy emphasis on its Scottish Gaelic heritage through events such as the Celtic Colours Festival, held each October, as well as promotions through the Gaelic College of Celtic Arts and Crafts. [23], Gaelic speakers in Cape Breton, as elsewhere in Nova Scotia, furnished a large proportion of the local population from the 18th century on. Although winter conditions prevented the freeing of the prisoners, the mission did result in the capture of Mellish, a vessel carrying a vital supply of winter clothing intended for John Burgoyne's troops in Canada. Aside from Wendy’s bedroom, there was a laundry room. The Margaree's of Cape Breton also serve as a large contributor of fiddle music celebrated throughout the island. At present several schools in Cape Breton offer Gaelic Studies and Gaelic language programs, and the language is taught at University College of Cape Breton. Cape Breton Island is divided into four counties: Cape Breton, Inverness, Richmond, and Victoria. Discover jewellery, fashion accessories, homewares and gifts designed and handcrafted by Cape Breton-based makers. [24], The 2016 Canadian Census shows that there are only 40 reported speakers of Gaelic as a mother tongue in Cape Breton. Baddeck would be the site of his experiments with hydrofoil technologies as well as the Aerial Experiment Association, financed by his wife, which saw the first powered flight in Canada when the AEA Silver Dart took off from the ice-covered waters of Bras d'Or Lake. Promotions for tourism beginning in the 1950s recognized the importance of the Scottish culture to the province, and the provincial government started encouraging the use of Gaelic once again. Find hand-made treasures & bold and beautiful works of art. He established a summer estate complete with research laboratories, working with deaf people—including Helen Keller—and continued to invent. Cape Breton Island is composed mainly of rocky shores, rolling farmland, glacial valleys, barren headlands, mountains, woods and plateaus. Whale-watching is a popular attraction for tourists. The island's residents can be grouped into five main cultures: Scottish, Mi'kmaq, Acadian, Irish, English, with respective languages Scottish Gaelic, Mi'kmaq, French, and English. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. In addition to Cape Breton Island, the French colony of Île Royale also included Île Saint-Jean, today called Prince Edward Island, and Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine. It has the largest readership of any publication based in Cape Breton. Other revitalization activities include adult education, community cultural events and publishing.[30]. With short commute times and unlimited recreation opportunities, your time will be filled with what matters most to you. When we think of waterfalls, the image that comes to our mind is tropical pools, cascading water, peace and calmness. Île Royale remained formally part of New France until it was ceded to Great Britain by the Treaty of Paris in 1763. This Portuguese colony's fate is unknown, but it is mentioned as late as 1570.[8]. The Strait of Canso is completely navigable to Seawaymax vessels, and Port Hawkesbury is open to the deepest-draught vessels on the world's oceans. [16] Sydney Cape Breton provided a vital supply of coal for Halifax throughout the war. The Cape Breton SPCA provides intake, care / treatment, sheltering and adoption services for at-risk and in-need companion animals on Cape Breton Island. To know our Island is to know she’s an unyielding beauty, one which breeds a fierce spirit, resolute pride, and resilient communities knit together by tradition. Known as "Île Royale" ("Royal Island") to the French, the island also saw active settlement by France. The colony of Cape Breton Island had its capital at Sydney on its namesake harbour fronting on Spanish Bay and the Cabot Strait. Please connect with our tourism partners directly to confirm they are operating. (1895) History of Halifax. Cabot's Landing, Victoria County, commemorating the "first land seen" by explorer John Cabot in 1497. Approximately 75% of the island's population is in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality (CBRM) which includes all of Cape Breton County and is often referred to as Industrial Cape Breton, given the history of coal mining and steel manufacturing in this area, which was Nova Scotia's industrial heartland throughout the 20th century. Timothy Hierlihy and his Times: The story of the Founder of Antigonish, Nova Scotia. Performers who have received significant recognition outside of Cape Breton include Angus Chisholm, Buddy MacMaster, Joseph Cormier,[35][36] first Cape Breton fiddler to record an album made available in Europe (1974),[37] Lee Cremo, Bruce Guthro, Natalie MacMaster, Ashley MacIsaac, The Rankin Family, Aselin Debison, Gordie Sampson, Dawn and Margie Beaton, also known as "The Beaton Sisters", and the Barra MacNeils. All rights reserved. It supports a vibrant, but seasonal tourist industry with a mix of cultural and historical attractions. View pictures of homes, review sales history, and use our detailed filters to find the perfect place. [27][28], Gaelic speakers, however, tended to be poor; they were largely illiterate and had little access to education. Glace Bay, the second largest urban community in population, was the island's main coal mining centre until its last mine closed in the 1980s. From shop dolldressedup. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Cape Breton is a regional municipality part of the Cape Breton Island located in the province of Nova Scotia. The Cabot Trail scenic highway also encircles the plateau's coastal perimeter. The 10,311 km2 (3,981 sq mi) island accounts for 18.7% of Nova Scotia's total area. American artists like sculptor Richard Serra, composer Philip Glass and abstract painter John Beardman spent part of the year on Cape Breton Island. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. Glace Bay was the hub of the Sydney & Louisburg Railway and a major fishing port. The local Mi'kmaq peoples began trading with European fishermen when the fishermen began landing in their territories as early as the 1520s. One of the world's larger saltwater lakes, Bras d'Or ("Arm of Gold" in French), dominates the island's centre. An interesting fact about Cape Breton county is that it was formed in 1995 as an amalgamation between several towns. Tourism in particular has grown throughout the post-Second World War era, especially the growth in vehicle-based touring, which was furthered by the creation of the Cabot Trail scenic drive. [26] Gaelic settlement in Cape Breton began in earnest in the early nineteenth century. [29] On the other hand, there are families and individuals who have recommenced intergenerational transmission. These include Mayann Francis of Whitney Pier, the first Black Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, Isaac Phills of Sydney, Nova Scotia, the first person of African descent to be awarded the Order of Canada,[39] and Elizabeth May of Margaree Harbour, the first member of the Green Party of Canada elected to the House of Commons of Canada. Come late November, when parts of Canada begin to be blanketed with snow, Cape Breton wonders if Mother Nature has forgotten her. Census Profile", "Map: Cape Breton – Sydney (Population Centre), Nova Scotia", "Historical Weather for the Last Twelve Months in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada", "Nova Scotia CBIT-TV (CBC-TV), Sydney, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation", "Radio History: CJCB-AM, Sydney, Maritime Broadcasting Ltd", "Radio History: CBI-AM (Radio One), Sydney, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation", "Radio History: CBI-FM (Radio Two), Sydney, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation", Former colonies and territories in Canada, Areas disputed by Canada and the United States, Proposed provinces and territories of Canada, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cape_Breton_Island&oldid=989648929, Former British colonies and protectorates in the Americas, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Mi'kmaq-language text, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Articles with incomplete citations from August 2014, Articles needing additional references from January 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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