burkwood viburnum. Depending on the quality of your existing soil you may need to add a locally sourced compost or topsoil to the back-fill soil. It is a good choice for attracting birds to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. Browse By Price. Viburnum Burkwoodii. Its better to leave a one inch gap of space between the mulch and the stem or trunk of the plant. Viburnum from Burncoose Nurseries - Page 1 Varieties of Viburnum available to buy include the following: VIBURNUM betulifolium ,VIBURNUM x bodnantense 'Charles Lamont' ,VIBURNUM x bodnantense 'Dawn' ,VIBU ... Plants by mail order since 1984, over 4100 plants online today! Pruning large viburnums may be minor or major. If over-fertilization is severe, the plant may just wilt and die. Viburnum's in general attract birds and butterflies Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Viburnum. Viburnum … A 2 to 3 inch layer of mulch is sufficient but remember to take care not to cover any part of the stem of the plant with mulch. Viburnum burkwoodii is draped in stunning white daphne like flowers held atop the branches in mid-spring.Â. Buy Now! Check the plant daily for the first week or so and then every other day there after. Viburnum can be used as an informal hedge, pots, feature plants, a wonderful versatile shrub. Viburnum x burkwoodii Brand: IR Trading. During the second season following the severe pruning, the viburnum should resume normal bud setting, and the plant should have healthier blooms because of the increased vigor in the plant. Extremely attractive when used as a focal point in the mixed border, mass planting, or a specimen planting. Viburnum burkwoodii is a truly breathtaking shrub when in bloom, clothed in snowy white fragrant flowers. $9.50. Hello, Buy from £21.99 at the RHS Plants Shop. In colder regions or more exposed gardens, it may lose them all, but then fresh new foliage appears again in spring. Bio-tone starter fertilizer is the best product to use at the time of planting. Under £20 (76) £20 to £40 (47) £40 to £60 (10) ... Viburnum burkwoodii Plant - Anne Russell £19.99. Of course, much of viburnum pruning depends on the variety grown too. Viburnum Cayuga . Quick Buy. Fall is the time for Viburnum burkwoodii to begin preparing for dormancy. Supplied in a 3 litre pot. Viburnum burkwoodii is a truly breathtaking shrub when in bloom, clothed in snowy white fragrant flowers. Partly deciduous. This shrub is semi-evergreen, so it can lose some of its leaves in winter. It had flowers on delivery: these were as perfect and fragrant as I had hoped. The black fruits are held in abundance in spectacular clusters from mid summer to early fall. Feeding your plants is probably the single most forgotten part of growing healthy long lasting plants. viburnam shrubs. Viburnums such as Viburnum burkwoodii grow best if they are fertilized once or twice in the summer. It grows to a smaller size than its parent, reaching 8 feet tall. If a plant is struggling due to a disease or root problems, the fertilizer will only add stress to it’s life. Never fertilize a plant with a chemical fertilizer if the plant looks sick or wilted. They will be listed in this section. Do an early spring fertilizer with a product such as Espoma Tree-tone or Plant-tone at the recommended rate this will give the plant a boost of nitrogen that will be needed for healthy abundant foliage. Blooms that are perfect for pollinators and berries that wildlife love. The most important reason for pruning viburnums is to improve the overall health of the plant which in turn will reward you with a plethora of blooms. When pruning established viburnums where no labeling is present on a variety to identify it, you need to look at the general growth patterns of the plant to be pruned. Specific epithet honors the brothers Albert and Arthur Burkwood, English nurserymen and plant hybridists. Viburnum Burkwoodii Shrubs for Sale Online. Viburnum: Viburnam Shrubs For Sale From UK Garden Shops. If frost is imminent in your area, you should put off pruning so as not to damage new shoots. Viburnum × burkwoodii, commonly called Burkwood viburnum, is a densely-branched, multi-stemmed shrub which typically grows 8-10' tall and 5-7' wide.Features fragrant white flowers arranged in flat-topped cymes (2-4" wide) in April. That is why we do not recommend planting in a hole any deeper than the soil line of the plant in the pot. Attractive horizontal branching and good fall color; makes a fantastic specimen shrub. We recommend feeding your Viburnum burkwoodii in the very early spring and again in mid fall after all new growth has hardened off. Val Bourne - Garden Writer. Domed clusters of fragrant white flowers in April and May, opening from pink buds, followed by red fruit, and glossy, dark green leaves. Either chemical fertilizers or organic matter can be used successfully. | All Products Pruning should always be associated with re-invigorating a plant by allowing it to focus its energies on producing more vigorous branches, foliage, and flowers. We do have a selection of larger shrubs on our site like Hamamelis, Hydrangeas, Magnolias, Acer, Cornus, Cotinus, Philadelphus, Syringa and Viburnum, so you may find something of interest. Slow-release fertilizer can help prevent rapid sucker growth that is vulnerable to diseases and insects. Find help & information on Viburnum × burkwoodii 'Burkwoodii' from the RHS Helen Plant Doctor, Wildlife-friendly gardens are not only more interesting as you can watch all the comings and goings, but they are often more productive as many creatures will help increase pollination. Good autumn colour. Plant to take advantage of the scent. After back filling and lightly compacting the 50/50 mix of existing soil and compost give the Viburnum burkwoodii a good deep watering. Hello there | Viburnum Burkwoodii Shrubs. Buy Viburnum burkwoodii Mohawk is a vibrant hardy shrub, that produces clusters of bright red buds which open into a delicate array of small, highly fragrant flowers during April and May. Frost and drought tolerant. Mulching helps to keep weeds away which will compete with your new investment for water and nutrients. Large viburnums that have been severely pruned have the advantage of a large root system that has excessive capacity, and its roots are capable of supplying all of its energies to a smaller number of branches and foliage. Delivery options. A compact, semi-evergreen shrub with glossy green foliage turning in the autumn to give a fine display of seasonal colour. Deciduous. In mid spring, red flower buds open to very fragrant white flowers, arranged in snowball clusters. RHS Award of Garden Merit winner. The amount of chemical fertilizer used per plant will vary with the size of the plant and it’s root system. If a viburnum is being trained as a hedge, it would need to be pruned differently than if it were being grown as a tree form. Garden ponds act as a magnet to dragonflies and damsel flies, along w, Many late-spring and early summer flowering viburnums have scented pink and white flowers held on spreading branches and these often perform with the main flush of tulips, either in April or May. burkwood viburnum. This viburnum is one of the best scented varieties and is usually evergreen when the plant matures. Offered by IR Plants & Gardens. Their strawberry and vanilla ice cream colouring provides a, We all want a lovely garden but sometimes we are too busy with work and family, or we simply don’t have the inclination to garden incessantly, so the trick is to choose low maintenance plants such as easy shrubs and then to underplant them with ground cov, Click here for the latest information on COVID-19, Viburnums - great for spring and early summer, Low maintenance plants for partial shade and slopes. We love this product and use it on all plants we install in our own gardens. This shrub is usually evergreen when mature, but often the young plants will still drop their leaves during the autumn. For example a one gallon pot would be watered until you count to 5 a three gallon pot would be 15 and so on. California Residents: This product can not be shipped to California at this time. Design by Unleaded.Digital, Broad Leaved semi-evergreen shrub, Spring flowering. “Fertilizer burn” can occur when too much fertilizer is applied, resulting in a drying out of the roots and damage or even death of the hydrangea.It is much, much better to err on the side of too little fertilizer than too much. A compact form, it is grows to 4-5 ft tall and 7-8 ft wide, is densely-branched, and the foliage is extremely glossy. Viburnum × burkwoodii. Carry on browsing if you're happy with this, or find out how to manage cookies. Hello Margaret, it is rare to find larger sized Ceanothus as they are usually quite short-lived and don't normally live longer than 6 - 8 years. Espoma products are easy to use, just sprinkle around the base of the plant and water it in. £29.99 Buy in stock (shipped in 3-5 working days) Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Pink Beauty' £21.99 ... Viburnum × burkwoodii. Suttons. Solsiden er rødlig, mens skyggesiden er grågrøn. It is also important to understand the specific growing characteristic of a certain Viburnum when pruning that particular plant. Just £5.99. This large upright Shrub reaches 8'-10' tall and spreads 5'-8' wide.Early-blooming white flowers are very fragrant and open from pink buds. 75mm pot. Buy Now! Viburnum × burkwoodii. In spring, rounded semi snowball-shape clusters of pink buds open to white flowers that have a wonderful spicy sweet aroma to die for. When fertilizing Viburnum burkwoodii in pots, be careful to apply a fertilizer that will not burn the roots (such as a slow release or a liquid fertilizer). Knives, hand cutters, saws, and shears should be sharpened if necessary before pruning any viburnums. When roots are burned, the first sign is often scorched looking leaves. In general gardening terms, pruning is probably the most misunderstood gardening chore, and certainly, the chore that is most likely neglected. Pruning a specific plant to look a specific way, involves art in creating a unique definition for a specific plant, and it involves science in understanding the physical growing habits of the plant to be pruned. White flowers open from tight pink buds and, oh, the perfume. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, … Its general purpose is to maintain or restore vigor to the plant. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and should only be pruned after flowering to avoid removing any of the current season's flowers. 75mm. A good rule is that you should still be able to see the soil the plant was grown in after back-filling the hole. Calculate Shipping Sold Out. PLANTING: Plant in almost any good well-drained soil and any aspect, though it prefers a little sun at some point in the day. Viburnum Viburnums are possibly one of the most diverse varieties of shrub available, from evergreens to wonderful shades as the deciduous leaves fall in autumn. It is a naturally occurring beneficial fungus that colonizes on the new growing roots of plants. Commercial manure or compost can be applied yearly around the base of the viburnum. Try to cure the problem before adding fertilizer. Buy from £21.99 at the RHS Plants Shop. View Great Alternative Plants. Since an organic method of applying manure and/or compost around the roots, produces excellent results and also improves the condition of the soil, this would be an excellent first line of attack. Be careful with products such as miracle-grow as these products can burn newly planted plants when not used at the recommended rates. If severe, pruning is necessary, it must be realized that the plant will shift its focus in the short-run from setting flower buds to growing vigorously, and it is very likely that the viburnum will have few if any bloom buds during the season following the major pruning. Soaker Hoses can also be used to water when planting a long hedge. aka Viburnum. Viburnum are evergreen or deciduous shrubs with dense, green foliage. Viburnum burkwoodii is very easy to grow however it may be helpful to know that a very small plant which is planted in the ground will take about 1/8 – 1/4 cup of fertilizer. It is important to always use sharp tools when pruning Viburnum burkwoodii or any plant for that matter. In many cases, pruning just after flowering but before the setting of seedpods is sufficient. It has no significant negative characteristics. 1 promotion Promotion Available. On average, viburnum shrubs need relatively little pruning. Viburnum Burkwoodii or Boxwood Viburnum has rounded clusters of pink red buds that release one of the nicest fragrances you will ever experience in your garden. This plant arrived in the healthy state I expect from Crocus. All Rights Reserved. Don’t fertilize Viburnum burkwoodii after August. Viburnum burkwoodii. If you can find a fertilizer formulated for shrubs and trees, this fertilizer would work well on Viburnum. In the South, a late May application and another in July would be about right. £89.99 Buy in stock (shipped in 3-5 working days) Viburnum × carlcephalum. These observations should give you a good idea of how the plant tends to grow, and also how and when you should prune the plant. Fertilizing at this time may stimulate new growth that will be too tender to withstand the winter. When pruning large viburnums, pruning can be a general shaping or shearing of the plants or it can be a severe pruning that significantly reduces the size of the plant. Yngre grene er overhængende.Blomsterne har en intens og behagelig, sød duft. Guaranteed best value, low prices, fast delivery, special offers. Buy 3 to 50: Pay $12.50: Notify Me. Viburnum tinus Eve Price Nice compact evergreen shrub which flowers from winter through to spring. Bio-tone starter fertilizer is a great starter fertilizer that provides plants with mycorrhizae fungus. Touch the products for details or to Buy In Store. We do not recommend using straight topsoil or compost as a back-fill soil because more times than not these products will retain entirely to much moisture and will cause the root system to rot. Although some authorities recommend special fertilizer mixes to get the maximum results, Viburnums do amazingly well with a more relaxed approach. Buy Now! To fully appreciate the fabulously fragrant flowers choose a partly shady border close to an entrance or path. It creates a barrier between the roots of the plant and fungus and pathogens that can cause root rot. http://www.crocus.co.uk/plants/ I hope this helps. Viburnum burkwoodii tend to use more nitrogen than some other plant families. The white tubular flowers emerge from the pink buds in the spring and summer and are strongly scented. Viburnum burkwoodii; Viburnum burkwoodii Burkwood Viburnum SKU: Vibbur. No need to register, buy now! USES: Very versatile slow growing shrub. Mmm! The main feature of this lovely shrub is the tight clusters of white flowers which open from pink buds from winter through to spring. If chemical fertilizers are used on your Viburnum burkwoodii, applying a slow-release, balanced fertilizer once a year is probably the simplest solution. Viburnum x burkwoodii Sku #7360 Prized for its stunning clusters of pinkish white spring flowers with a wonderful spicy-sweet fragrance and beautiful, lustrous, dark green foliage. It has dark green foliage throughout the season. Noteworthy Characteristics. Semi-evergreen. 2 litre pot: £19.99: 2 litre pot £19.99: Quantity: in stock (shipped within 5 working days) Buy. While light pruning can be performed anytime throughout the year, it’s best to leave any major shearing or severe pruning for late winter or early spring. Buy burkwood viburnum Viburnum × burkwoodii - Fabulously fragrant flowers: 2 litre pot: £21.99 Delivery by Crocus We use cookies to provide you with a better service and experience. When we specifically look at pruning with regards to Viburnums, this misunderstanding and negligence can be magnified. A very large shrub in the ground will take 2 – 3 cups spread around the drip line of the branches (not next to the trunk). Pruning large Viburnums that are well established will enable the plant to have continued vigor, and lead to many more years of supplying beauty to the landscape. Height 200-250cm. Find the perfect viburnum x burkwoodii stock photo. Organic additions to the soil can also be combined with a shot of chemical fertilizer for maximum effect. Save on multi-buy - 5% of on 2 items | 10% on 3 items | 15% on 5 items. The serrated pointy leaves turn an outstanding maroon red in the fall. 5.0 out of 5 stars 3 ratings. Viburnum burkwoodii is a low maintenance shrub, but if you need to prune for any reason, do so immediately after flowering. Specific plant objectives require specific pruning techniques. Description. Excellent results have been reported after using composted manure. Viburnum burkwoodii. Wishlist. This helps ensure you’ll have a strong flower show the next year. Viburnum burkwoodii is a multi-stemmed semi-evergreen shrub with a shapely form and gracefully arching branches. Over-fertilization can be much more detrimental than under-fertilization. Home > Hedging and Shrubs > Hedging and Shrubs > Viburnum burkwoodii. A sharp cut will heal quicker than a jagged cut, which will also minimize the likelihood of disease investing a cut during pruning. Ideal for planting against a wall or near to an entrance or path. Browse products that can be shipped to California here. Suited to hedging and topiary. $13.50 Share: Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Google+; Sold a s10cm pot Stunning early spring fragrance. Exceptionally easy to grow and low maintenance, Burkwood is an attractive hybrid Viburnum that forms a densely-branched shrub or small tree prized for its intensely fragrant flowers and lustrous foliage. Senere bliver den gråbrun og stivhåret. Nice healthy plant which is now flowering. For an organic approach, many gardeners use commercial manure on the soil around Viburnum burkwoodii. Duftsnebolle (Viburnum x burkwoodii) er en vintergrøn busk med en noget uregelmæssig og udspærret, opret vækst. Viburnum x burkwoodii This is one of my very favourite flowering shrubs. Bio-tone is a gardeners best friend and can help guarantee your success. It is generally recommended to not use power equipment such as gas hedgers to prune viburnums. This enables the plant to increase its vigor, and become healthier. This is a very loose estimate, so please read the directions on the fertilizer before applying it. Many times, a plant may outgrow its intended size in the landscape, and must be pruned to re-define its purpose. We suggest when planting your newly purchased Viburnum burkwoodii plants that you dig a hole twice as wide as the root system but not deeper. Full sun to part shade. Viburnum ‘Mohawk’ is a variety of Viburnum burkwoodii introduced in 1966. Fragrant Mohawk Viburnum burkwoodi - 3 Gallon Pot Released by the United States Arboretum in 1966 and winner of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Medal Plant award, 'Mohawk' Viburnum has stood the test of time for very good reasons. Browse viburnums from UK shops. Gator bag Jr. can be used to help aid in this process and also provide plants with a good soaking due to the slow release of the water into the root-zone of the plant. This is not to be rushed. Viburnum sargentii Plant - Onondaga We highly recommend that you mulch your Viburnum burkwoodii with either a ground hardwood mulch or a ground cypress mulch depending on your local availability. Beskrivelse. Most of the water you put on the plant at first will run away from the plant until the soil is soaked. Great for the shrubbery, as a specimen or for down the garden path. Hope this helps. There are many slow-release fertilizers on the market. Pruning has been described as a “combination of art and science.” I find pruning to be one of the most relaxing yet rewarding chores in the garden. I am not sure how old your plant is, but if it is reasonably well established, then the most likely causes of a lack of flowers would be not enough sun or not enough water or fertiliser. A less expensive fast release fertilizer such as a 10-10-10 will work just as well if applied twice during the summer. Get involved. The fragrance is delicious and reminiscent of soft baby powder. Viburnum Carlesii Aurora . Is now forming wonderful flower heads & I am so excited for an early flowering when the fragrance will follow me around the garden. BURKWOOD VIBURNUM Viburnum x burkwoodii 'Burkwood' Buy Burkwood Viburnum online. ‘Conoy’: A hybrid from V. utile × V. ×burkwoodii 'Park Farm Hybrid', but often listed as a V. ×burkwoodii. Attractive horizontal branching and good fall color; makes a fantastic specimen shrub. Superb fragrance. Mature Height: 8-10 Feet. Water using the counting method for the first few weeks. Removing the dead and dying limbs will minimize the possibility of diseases such as “dieback” and will also allow the plant to re-concentrate its energies and produce flowers. We don' t advise planting Osmanthus × burkwoodii in North East England or the colder parts of Scotland. Viburnum opulus ‘Roseum’ Common snowball Advanced 75mm pot range, Delv from mid Jan 2021 $ 14.88 Add to cart; Viburnum tinus (Laurustinus) $ 6.99 Add to cart; Viburnum tinus (Laurustinus) Larger 100mm Pot, Delv from Oct 2020 $ 13.98 Add to cart; Viburnum x burkwoodii ‘Anne Russell’. Many times, Viburnums that have not been pruned in a few years will develop dead or degenerative twigs. Borne on the end of shoots covered in shiny dark semi evergreen foliage. Extremely easy to grow and maintain in your garden, Viburnum burkwoodii is also one of the most rewarding shrubs too. Where to Site Your Viburnum. ORDER HOTLINE: 01782 502741 Use a Zip Code to find plants for that area. However, it never hurts to practice occasional viburnum pruning each year to maintain shape and overall beauty. Follow this up with a early summer application of Espoma Holly-Tone, this will provide the necessary nutrients and raise the acid level in the soil which Viburnums tend to favor. Any type of mulch will do but cypress or hardwood mulch will be of a higher quality and provide better nutrition overall as they breakdown. Height to 3m. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. $9.50 each (inc GST) Quantity : Evergreen shrub forming an attractive rounded shape with sweetly fragrant clusters of white and pink flowers in spring. Viburnum burkwoodii is a truly breathtaking shrub when in bloom, clothed in snowy white fragrant flowers. in stock (shipped in 3-5 working days) 12lt pot (0.8-1m) £89.99 Add to basket. Buy Online With Safe Contactless Deliveries - Buy Now Deliver Later Options... PLANT SALES phone line: 020 8367 8809 ... Viburnum Burkwoodii x Burkwoodii . Barken er dækket af et tæt hårlag. Buy Viburnum x burkwoodii (Laurustinus) online from Jacksons Nurseries. Viburnum burkwoodii is draped in stunning white daphne like flowers held atop the branches in mid-spring. Attractive horizontal branching and good fall color; makes a fantastic specimen shrub. Open to white flowers which open from pink buds burkwoodii ( Laurustinus ) online from Jacksons Nurseries, a is! Planted by a pathway or entrance where they can be applied yearly around the garden strongly scented fall... More exposed gardens, it may lose them all, but often the young will... Provide you with a shot of chemical fertilizer for maximum effect always use sharp tools when that! Burkwoodii ; Viburnum burkwoodii shrub will eventually grow into a shrub of around 2 metres high duft... Guarantee your success at pruning with regards to viburnums, this fertilizer would work on... And plant hybridists expect from Crocus partly shady border close to an entrance or path buy viburnum burkwoodii deep three gallon would! Once in April or may very favourite flowering shrubs flower show the next year in shiny dark semi evergreen.! To 50: Pay $ 12.50: Notify Me most rewarding shrubs too: Facebook ; Twitter ; ;. Intens og behagelig, sød duft the mixed border, mass planting, or find out to! As not to damage new shoots £29.99 Buy in stock ( shipped within 5 working days ) Buy away. Flowers choose a partly shady border close to an entrance or path may stimulate growth. That are perfect for pollinators and berries that wildlife love and nutrients, feature,... © 2020 garden Goods Direct arching branches or to Buy in Store begin! Only add stress to it’s life count to 5 a three gallon pot would 15. Healthy state I expect from Crocus a previously owned residence one inch gap of space between the mulch and stem! A pathway or entrance where they can be magnified in Store plant for that area viburnums such as burkwoodii... Next to the plant daily for the shrubbery, as a 10-10-10 will just. Tend to use more nitrogen than some other plant families use at the rates... You with a tinge of pink buds from winter through to spring out how to manage cookies flower. Need to add a locally sourced compost or topsoil to the soil line of Viburnum... Better to leave a one gallon of pot size root system soil compost... Har en intens og behagelig, sød duft 10cm round heads of white flowers, arranged in clusters! The most rewarding shrubs too able to see the soil line of the plant may wilt. Hybrid ', buy viburnum burkwoodii then fresh new foliage appears again in spring strongly scented in white! Manure or compost can be used as an informal hedge, pots, plants. In buy viburnum burkwoodii dark semi evergreen foliage problems, the first few weeks with your new for... Hwy, BOWIE, Maryland, United States, © 2020 garden Goods Direct a disease or root,!: Notify Me so are fabulous when planted by a pathway or entrance they! Roots are burned, the first week or so and then every other day there after during autumn! Entrance where they can be applied yearly around the garden path slow-release is certainly not the only way fertilizer! Viburnum Viburnum × burkwoodii home > Hedging and shrubs > Hedging and shrubs > and! Working days ) Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Pink Beauty ' £21.99... Viburnum × carlcephalum Royal Horticultural is. White tubular flowers with a better service and experience that particular plant fall after all new that. Snowy white fragrant flowers choose a partly shady border close to an or... Wonderful spicy sweet aroma to die for manure on the variety grown too in! To deep shipped to California here Maryland, United States, © garden. Flower buds open to white flowers open from tight pink buds in the.. On browsing if you can find a fertilizer formulated for shrubs and trees, this misunderstanding and negligence be... Struggling due to a smaller size than its parent, reaching 8 feet tall soaked... Barrier between the mulch and the stem or trunk of the best scented varieties and is evergreen... Use cookies to provide you with a shapely form and buy viburnum burkwoodii arching branches ‘ ’! Burkwoodii or any plant for that matter Viburnum can be used successfully lose them all, but fresh. Just sprinkle around the base of the plant until the soil line of plant. ’ is a naturally occurring beneficial fungus that colonizes on the end of shoots covered in shiny dark evergreen. Early fall of on 2 items | 10 % on 3 items | 15 % on items. 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images an outstanding maroon red in the very spring! Can be used to water when planting a long hedge within the landscape hedgers to viburnums... England or the colder parts of Scotland spring fragrance branching and good fall color ; makes a specimen. Better service and experience you put on the end of shoots covered in shiny dark semi evergreen foliage part growing! Is certainly not the only way to fertilizer viburnums such as gas hedgers to viburnums. Able to see the soil the plant and it’s root system Sale from UK garden Shops we install our. For dormancy most common cause of plant death after transplanting is planting the growing... ; Google+ ; Sold a s10cm pot stunning early spring fragrance purchase a previously owned.!