The conditions for getting a certificate of valid marriage are similar to Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Essay on Hindu Marriage – Among the Hindus, marriage is not a social contract; it is religious sacrament. Hindu marriage is considered to be a religious sacrament for both the party. Hinduism associates three important aims with vivaha namely, Dharma , Praja and Rati. S.5 deals with the conditions of marriage. Hindu marriage can be defined as religions sacrament in which a man and woman are bound in permanent relationship for physical, social and spiritual purpose of dharma, procreation and sexual pleasure. The Hindu marriage is also considered a sacrament in another sense. But on the whole, the Hindu law-givers appear to be laying more stress on the marriage of women than that of men. The concept of marriage as a mere civil institution or social contract is entirely foreign to the Hindu mind. The belief in the indissolubility of the Hindu marriage springs out of the recognition of the spiritual ideals of marriage. 2. There are 16 sacraments in the Shastra humanism in which marriage is one of the important rituals of Hinduism. The Hindu marriage act of 1955 has reformed the marriage according to Hindu law. Here is your essay on “Hindu Marriage a Sacrament” ! According to Dvaipayana Vyasa, “the highest dharma as sanctioned by the sastras, consists in a training through the duties and living the full life of a householder.”. This project essentially aims at analyzing the changing concepts in hindu marriage. A son is called a ‘putra’ because he is the one that saves the father from the put-named hell. But, it has long come to mean the entire ceremony of wedlock. Eighty, the unmarried persons are considered incomplete and imperfect and marriage makes their life complete. are duly performed by a Brahmin with Agni Devata taking cognisance of the rites. Well, first, the Church wants Catholics to be able to celebrate the Sacrament of Marriage and enjoy all its graces. While Christian, Hindu and Parsi marriages are treated as a sacrament, Muslim marriages are considered a civil contract that requires no religious ceremonies or writing. Its purpose, accordingly, is not to allow mere physical pleasure to the individuals but to ensure his spiritual growth. It has also introduced many important changes in many aspects. Essay on Hindu Marriage – Among the Hindus, marriage is not a social contract; it is religious sacrament. The Vedas lay down that dharma performed by a man alone without his wife is no dharma and will yield no fruit whatsoever. It is a religious bond and not a contractual union. “There are certain rites which must be performed for marriage to be complete. The HMA has reformed the Hindu Law of Marriage, But on question which people often raise, has the HIndu marriage now become a Contract or remains a sacrament ? The Hindu marriage ceremony consists of a series of ritual performances, the most important of which are the gift of his daughter by the father to the bridegroom (kanyadan). The Hindu marriage ceremony consists of a series of ritual performances, the most important of which are the gift of his daughter by the father to the bridegroom (kanyadan). Sanskara is a socio religious rites by performance of which life of present Hindu is samctified. A Hindu marriage is valid and complete only when certain religious rites like ‘home’, ‘Panigrahana’, ‘Saptapadi’ etc. The Hindus attach religious sentiments to marriage. ‘Dharma Praja sampathyartham, rathi sukha sithyartham striyamudvahe’. Parents and guardians have the re ligious responsibility to find suitable mates for their children and to settle and solem Once the ceremony of a Hindu marriage is over, nobody on this earth has the power to dissolve the union. are duly performed by a Brahmin with Agni Devata taking cognizance of the rites. It is the only one … This is different from any Muslim marriage which is contractual and has its objects to be procreation and the legalization of children. Moreover, among the Hindus the birth of a son is considered essential as it would enable the householder to attain ‘moksha’. Seventhly, marriage is essential for entering into the Grahastashrama wherein several ‘rinas’ are to be repaid and several ‘Jajnas’ are to be performed. dealings with men. The groom must be at least 21 years of age and the bride at least 18 years. Therefore, where saptapadi ceremony is interrupted before the seventh step is taken, the marriage remains incomplete. Under this Act, a proposal and acceptance are mandatory, and consent for marriage must be free and sought without coercion. K.M. Secondly, a sacramental union implies that it is a permanent bond which does not end in this world or after the death of either partner but it continues even after death, in the next life. It is to be noted that Hindu institutions, be they sociological, economic, political or whatever, can be properly appreciated only when studied against the background of the Hindu culture which, in turn ,is based solely on the perennial wisdom of the Hindus. As regards the examination of the Hindu marriage in the light of its sacramental character, we must begin with the concept of sacrament. Privacy Policy 8. In the ‘Santiparva’, Yudhistira was persuaded by Dvaipayana Vyasa, Lord Indra also held that the life of a householder is only superior and sacred and gives scope for the fulfillment of life’s mission. Thirdly, the dissolution of marriage is not allowed and divorce is out of question. 2. With His grace may I never be… The Hindu ideal emphasises the individual […] I and my husband be free from death as the ripe melon is freed from its knot in the creeper. Hindu Marriage a Sacrament - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. It results in a more or less permanent relationship between a man and woman. Parents and guardians have the re ligious responsibility to find suitable mates for their children and to settle and solem nize their marriages. are duly performed by a Brahmin with Agni Devata taking cognizance of the rites. Moreover, marriage is one of the few sacraments that are common to all manner of men, including women and Sudras. … Prohibited Content 3. Secondly, the Hindu marriage implies that the martial bond is permanent in nature. (See ... (refer to Part I of Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872) and two witnesses. Parsi: Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act 1936. Disclaimer 9. Christian: Indian Christian Marriage Act 1872 and the Divorce Act 1869. It is said, “That man who does not win a wife is really half, and he is not the full man as long as he does not beget an offspring.” A wife is also hailed as” the very source of the Purusharthas, not Only of Dharma, Artha and Kama but even of Moksha.’. The Hindu marriage act of 1955 has reformed the marriage according to Hindu law. Hindu marriage is a sacrament which is ordained and is imperative for every man and woman. That is why; marriage is given great importance by the Hindus. Only death can normally separate those who have been united through holy matrimony. Contractor Sacrament of Marriage. The Hindu Marriage Act also applies to anyone who is not a Muslim, Christian, Parsi, Jew or from an exempted scheduled tribe While Christian, Hindu and Parsi marriages are treated as a sacrament, Muslim marriages are considered a civil contract that requires no religious ceremonies or writing Introduction to Hindu marriage. Since sacraments are only for the baptized and marriage takes place between two people, both persons must be baptized in order to celebrate the Sacrament of Marriage. Considering from this point of view, the Hindu concept of marriage as a sacramental union implies three propositions. The Shariat Application Act of 1937 governs Muslim family law. They are bound to each other until the death of either of them; and the wife is supposed to be bound to her husband even after death.” After the solemnization of marriage, the couple is regarded to be one personality and because of that reason the ‘gotra’ of the wife is merged into the status and personality of the husband. Apastamadharmasutra also holds that no kind of separation between the husband and the wife is possible. Content Guidelines 2. Hindu marriage is considered to be a religious sacrament for both the party. It is a socially approved union of man and woman aiming at procreation, pleasure and observance of certain social obligations. The HMA has reformed the Hindu Law of Marriage, But on question which people often raise, has the HIndu marriage now become a Contract or remains a sacrament ? Sharma of a Hindu marriage seems to be the most appropriate one. Since these can be performed only in the company of a wife, marriage is deemed a religious obligation. ‘Dharma Praja sampathyartham, rathi sukha sithyartham striyamudvahe’. Hindus regard the institution of marriage as a sacrosanct sacrament and not just a contract between two persons of the opposite sex. Marriage is a sacrament not a contract. It is a socially approved union of man and woman aiming at procreation, pleasure and observance of certain social obligations. and the burning of sacred fire and the chanting of mantras by a Brahmin priest. If this is not done then the legal validity of the marriage may even be questioned. This project essentially aims at analyzing the changing concepts in hindu marriage. Report a Violation, Changes in the Marriage System of Hindus in Modern India – Essay. The Hindu ideal emphasises the individual as well as social aspects of marriage. Being catalyzed by the explosive economic, social and cultural changes that have molded the needs of people in Indian society, the aims, functions and motives of Hindu marriages have kept on evolving with the demand of its constituent members. Clause (ii) of the section deals with mental capacity. Hindu Marriage as Sacrament: Marriage is one of the most important of all Samaskaras under the Griha Sutras. A Hindu marriage is considered to be a religious sacrament for yet another reason too. It’s a holy tie that cannot be broken down. Sacrament is a symbolic religious ceremony to which are often added confirmation, penance, ordination ad matrimony. A sacramental union implies that it is a permanent bond which does not end in this world or after the death of either partner but it continues even after death, in the next life. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Freedom in marriage does not destroy but rather confirms the stability of marriage and purifies its practice. It is the most essential sanskara. Sacrament is a symbolic religious ceremony to which are often added confirmation, penance, ordination ad matrimony. Legally speaking, the Hindu marriage becomes complete and binding only when the seventh step (in Saptapadi) is taken and till then it is imperfect and revocable. Nature of Hindu marriage. It is not only considered as sacred, but it is also a holy union. Finally, they need to speak certain words in front of these persons. Marriage has been placed one of the sixteen sanskara of a Hindu. Customarily the Hindu marriage was considered a religious sacrament and an indissoluble bond between the spouses for many births. Of course, the most important one is that both parties to the marriage are Hindus. Thirdly, the essential corollary of the sacramental nature of the Hindu marriage is its indissolubility. Single marriage:-More than one marriage is prohibited under Hindu law and is null and void with an imposed punishment of 7 years. Marriage to a Hindu is of great individual and social significance. It is in fact, the last of the ten sacraments, enjoined upon him by the Hindu religion for purifying the body from inherited taint. If we turn over the pages of our Hindu Shastras; or if we have a glance over ancient Hindu Jurisprudence, we find that the Hindu marriage ceremony is the last of the ten sacraments or the purifying ceremonies.It is a religious necessity rather than a mere physical luxury. Hindu marriage can be defined as religions sacrament in which a man and woman are bound in permanent relationship for physical, social and spiritual purpose of dharma, procreation and sexual pleasure. For example, Narada says that the attainment of the ultimate bliss or moksha is just impossible for a woman who has not been sanctified by the rites of a marriage. The Act does not prescribe any particular ceremony for a valid Hindu marriage. Secondly, if either party despite being able to give valid consent for their marriage but suffers from any mental disorder to such an extent that the party becomes unfit for marriage and/or if either party is not capable of procreation of children even then the marriage would be taken as an invalid marriage. Polygamy is not for Hindus. The importance of Hindu marriage lies in the fact that, being a religious sacrament is indissoluble. Young people today marry not for performing duties but for companionship. (Section 10.) Marriage of a Hindu couple is not only a union of a man and women but is considered as a sacrament. Hindu marriage is a sacrament. S.5/11 & 12 of the HMA are pertinent here. I worship Shankar in the from of Fire God, the God of good repute and the protector of husband. There are some certain prerequisites and conditions are essential for a valid marriage in the eyes of the law according to the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. TOS 7. The rites of the Hindu marriage also reflect its sacramental character. Marriage has been placed one of the sixteen sanskara of a Hindu. I worship Shankar in the from of Fire God, the God of good repute and the protector of husband. From the above discussion the following points may be deduced in favour of the sacramental character of Hindu marriage. In the ultimate analysis it can be said that the marriage is Islam is neither purely a civil contract nor as a sacrament. Concept of marriage - In Hindu religion marriage is treated as Holy Bond or Union between two souls. The human society cannot continue without procreation. S.5/11 & 12 of the HMA are pertinent here. Mutual fidelity and devotion to partner are still considered to be an essence of marriage. The Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872 governs Christian marriages in India. Procreation is possible through the gratification of sexual desire or ‘Kama’. May by the grace of Shankar, the Fire God. Hindu marriage is “a religious sacrament in which a man and a woman are bound in a permanent relationship for the physical, social and spiritual need of dharma, procreation and sexual pleasure.” There are three characteristics of the sacramental nature of marriage: 1. I suggest the Indian Psychiatric Society people to read some Books on Sociology also. Clause (iii) layus down that at the time of marriage the bridegroom and bride should be … Marriage is an Institution not simply to satisfy simply sexual needs. The Hindu marriage is also viewed not as “an ordinary affair wherein the weakness of flesh plays a dominant part.” On the contrary, the basis of the marriage is the fulfillment of duties at the cost of personal gratification and pleasures. Fourthly, the completion of the Hindu marriage requires the performance of certain religious rites like ‘Homa’, ‘Panigrahana,’ ‘Saptapadi’ etc. According to Hinduism, out of 16 sacraments marriage is one of the most imperative sacraments. The transition from the sacramental indissolubility of marriage to the treatment of marriage, as a civil institution, is a modern idea. Content Guidelines 2. According to R.N. It is considered as a landmark in the history of social legislation. Marriage in India is marriage between two families not simply between two individuals. The Hindu law-givers have made provision for the attainment of salvation by leading a Grihastha life too. are duly performed by a Brahmin with Agni Devata taking cognisance of the rites. This view has been accepted by the High Courts of Bombay and Madras. Hence marriage becomes obligatory among the Hindus. It is a religious bond and not a contractual union. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Many Hindus see marriage as a life-long, sacred ceremony that binds a man and woman together. … S.5 deals with the conditions of marriage. If not so performed, the legal validity of the marriage itself may be called into question. Hindu marriage is a sacrament which is ordained and is imperative for every man and woman. Content Filtrations 6. The Grihasthashrama, which arises out of marriage has been held high. It is on the contrary, a religious sacrament. Introduction to Hindu marriage. Concept of marriage - In Hindu religion marriage is treated as Holy Bond or Union between two souls. First, marriage among the Hindus is … With His grace may I never be… This might be the reason behind a man being allowed to marry a second wife on the death of the first. ... Another view is that marriage is not purely a civil contract but a religious sacrament too. In addition, the Special Marriage Act 1954 applies to all persons of all religions. Marriage under the Hindus Marriage Act, 1955 The concept of Hindu marriage, like any other institution, did not remain unaffected in modern times owing to social changes. It is a sacramental marriage because it is considered to be a permanent and indissoluble union, eternal union, and holy union sanctified by performance of religious ceremonies. First, marriage among the Hindus is considered divine in nature. Family Court Ordinance,1985 aims at resolving legal disputes related to dissolution of marriage, restitution of conjugal relation, dower, maintenance, guardianship and custody of children. Besides, it is the son alone that is competent to offer ‘Pinda’ to his names thereby giving them happiness. It is devoid of none but the blending of the two. So long marriage is not performed for sex gratification alone but for ‘living together’ and ‘begetting children’, marriage will continue to be a sacrament for Hindus. A Hindu marriage is considered a religious sacrament mainly because only when religious rites are done it would mean a valid and complete marriage. Sixthly, marriage is one among several sacraments (Sanskaras). Marriage is one of the most important of the samskaras (Hindu rites of passage). It’s an association from birth to birth; a tie which prolongs after death and rebirth. He views it as “a religious sacrament in which a man and a woman are bound in permanent relationship for the physical, social and spiritual purposes of dharma, procreation and sexual pleasure.”, Image Courtesy : islandcrisis.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/hinduweddin.jpg. The aim of ‘Praja’ is also religious in character, although it is also social, in the sense that it is directly connected with the social function of perpetuating the family and the community .It is the Hindu view that a son is absolutely necessary to save one from a hell called ‘put’. The Mahabharata makes us believe that if an unmarried girl wants to go to heaven she cannot do so because she has not seen married life. I suggest the Indian Psychiatric Society people to read some Books on Sociology also. These begin with the laying of foetus and end with the cremation of his body.” In between the laying of foetus (Garbhadhana) and cremation (Antyesthi) lie several sanskaras (sacraments) and marriage happens to be the most significant and essential among them. From a gender as well as a religious perspective, the whole spectrum of Hindu marriage certainly indicates the discrimination particularly towards women. “Marriage continues to be a sacrament. Consequently, these occasions are the grand events of a family's career. Copyright 10. This view is also supported by judiciary. As per Veda’s, a man is only complete when he gets married. Marriage is an important sacrament in Hindu society, celebrated mostly with pomp and gaiety, often resulting in debt and economic hardship for poor families. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. A Hindu marriage is deemed valid and complete only when certain religious rites like ‘home’, ‘ Panigrahana’, ‘Saptapadi’ etc. It simply lays down the conditions for a valid marriage. Content Filtrations 6. The Hindus attach religious sentiments to marriage. Marriage among the Hindus is considered divine in nature. All these rites are performed by a Brahmin in the presence of the sacred fire and are accompanied by the Vedic ‘Mantras’ The Hindus lay so much emphasis on these rites that when any of these rites are not properly performed, the marriage may be legally questioned. The married householder is considered as the property of the society and he alone can completely discharge all the enjoined duties. Scholars are of the opinion that permitting divorce has not affected the sanctity of marriage because divorce is resorted to only as a last reset. their religion: Hindu: Hindu Marriage Act 1955. The Grihasthashrama commences after marriage and is required for the fulfilment of ‘panchamahajajnas’ or five great sacrifices as the recitation of Vedas at home, burning oblations for gods, offering Sraddhha Tarpana, receiving and entertaining guests, and giving food to the Bhutas. They have to perform the religious duties jointly. These rites and rituals envisaged the Hindu marriage as a religious sacrament, which included Vivah Homa, saptapadi, panigrahana, kanyadana, pradakshina, etc. The Act calls marriages solemnized under the Act as Hindu marriages which may be … Thus viewed, it would follow that marriage is not merely a matter of social contract entered into for mutual convenience, as is most often the case in the West. To them, marriage is a sacrament which must be performed in order to attain salvation. A Hindu marriage is valid and complete only when certain religious rites like ‘home’, ‘Panigrahana’, ‘Saptapadi’ etc. The Hindu marriage is not really a social contract but a religious sacrament. Marriage of a Hindu couple is not only a union of a man and women but is considered as a sacrament. Taking religious aspect into account Muslim marriage is an ibadat (devotional act) or ‘muamalat’, i.e. What is matchless about a Hindu alliance is that it's as much a union of two families as between two individuals. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. And so, the Church places this extra requirement of a dispensation in order to draw one’s attention to the fact that he or she will not be receiving sacramental grace. The main rites are homa, offering of the hand of the bride and saptapadi, the bride and bridegroom going seven steps together”. Prohibited Content 3. In general, however, Hindus think of marriage as a sacrament rather than - as in Islam and Judaism - as a civil contract. We preserve the continuity of lineage by following class code, family code etc. First; the Hindu marriage is desired for the fulfilment of Dharma of a householder and not primarily for sex. ‘Pindas’ by the way, are not mere rice-balls, but highly mystic symbols through which higher degrees of reality such as the names represent can actually be contacted. Sanskara is a socio religious rites by performance of which life of present Hindu is samctified. Marriage under Hindu law is sacrament and not a contract which can be entered into by executing a deed. Marriage in India is marriage between two families not simply between two individuals. In Hindu law there are several religious ceremonies like : - Engagement - Exchange of garlands (var mala among bride and groom) - Saatphere (7 rounds around the fire by bride and groom) - Saptapadi (7 steps taken towards the direction of moon by bride and groom) Hindu marriage is a sacrament as the concept of divorce was unknown to ancient Hindu texts. The sacramental nature of the Hindu marriage implies that “as marriage is said to be sacred it is irrevocable, the parties to the marriage cannot dissolve it at will. Disclaimer 9. Marriage in India is a Sacrament. Hindu marriage is unlike a Christian marriage where marriage is treated as a contract and can be made and broken by mere offer and acceptance. Marriage to a Hindu is of great individual and social significance. In Grahsutra, Vivaha is referred as one of the most important of all sanskara. Parsi Law. The ‘Mahabharata’ is quite emphatic in this connection. Marriage in India is a Sacrament. Hindu marriage is a sacrament; Is a contract; Is a unique blend of the above two mention points; Condition of valid marriage. Hindu marriage is an ancient tradition which is prevailing form the Vedic period to the modern world with a different modification that has occurred until now. May by the grace of Shankar, the Fire God. It is not only a social institution but also a religious sacrament. A Hindu marriage is deemed valid and complete only when certain religious rites like ‘home’, ‘ Panigrahana’, ‘Saptapadi’ etc. If not so performed, the legal validity of the marriage itself may be called into question. It's a lifelong commitment and it is the strongest social bond between a man and a woman. Marriage under the Hindus Marriage Act, 1955 The concept of Hindu marriage, like any other institution, did not remain unaffected in modern times owing to social changes. The purpose of marriage in Hindu society is to create good people, eternally preserving Righteousness and culture, achieving man’s worldly good and also attaining spiritual contentment. For a Hindu, marriage is a samskara (religious rite or sacrament). The Act also lays down grounds on which a judicial separation can be decreed by the Court. Muslim Marriage. As regards the examination of the Hindu marriage in the light of its sacramental character, we must begin with the concept of sacrament. But with the enactment of Act, the sacramental aspect of the Hindu marriage has been challenged. Sharma a Hindu marriage is a religious sacrament in which a man and a woman are bound in permanent relationship for the physical, social and spiritual purposes of dharma, procreation and sexual pleasure. To them, marriage is a sacrament which must be performed in order to attain salvation. I and my husband be free from death as the ripe melon is freed from its knot in the creeper. Manu says that an unmarried person will never get peace after his death. It has also been ordained by the shastras that the ‘dvija’ is incompetent to perform all the duties in the absence of a wife. It is an opportunity for people to display their social status and importance among friends and relatives. But a Hindu woman can seek help from the … Marital relations are no longer unbreakable, as divorce is socially and legally permissible. Marriage is an Institution not simply to satisfy simply sexual needs. The Sanskrit word ‘Vivaha’ literally means the ceremony of ‘carrying away’ the bride to the groom’s house. In the past the union was considered so sacred that the dissolution of marriage caused by reasons other than death was considered contrary to the law of God and nature. It is believed that a Hindu is born on this earth with certain specified missions in life which may be expressed through the ‘purusarthas’ comprising Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. It is an enduring bond of the husban… Only death can normally separate those who have been united through holy matrimony. The Hindu marriage is not really a social contract but a religious sacrament. The permanent character and indissolubility of the Hindu marriage has been emphasized by the Apastama Dharma sutra and Manu. It is considered as a landmark in the history of social legislation. To be mothers are women created and to be fathers are men. Considering from this point of view, the Hindu concept of marriage as a sacramental union implies three propositions. TOS 7. All Hindus are expected to marry—almost as a religious duty. The definition given by R.N. Many Hindus see marriage as a life-long, sacred ceremony that binds a man and woman together. ... Also, it is a holy union where it is essential to perform religious ceremonies. It is a sacrament or a holy union for the performance of religious duties. In order to fulfill these missions, in life, every Hindu has to go through different stages or the resting places of life, known as ‘Ashramas.’ The Ashramas are four in number, such as Brahmacharyashrama, Grihasthasharama, Vanaprasthashrama and Sanyasasharama. Rather, marriage is … Vivaha is primarily meant for the discharge of one’s Dharma. Is Hindu Polygamy Allowed? Fifthly, marriage is desired for begetting a son or ‘putra’ who will come to the rescue of the father from falling into the ditch of hell (Put Narka). It is interesting to note that ‘rati’ or sexual fulfillment is assigned a relatively minor place, showing the Hindu’s serious concern with the higher values of the precious human life. “It is compulsory for a Hindu Grihastha to perform the five great sacrifices or Pancha Maha Jajnas in order to repay his debts to the Rishis, the Gods, the names, the spirits and one’s fellowmen. Manu holds that a man without marriage cannot fully develop his her personality and must be regarded incomplete and imperfect. Any person belonging to Hindu religion domiciled in territories and is governed by Hindu law. Hindu Marriage a Sacrament - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Hindu Marriage which was considered to be a religious duty and a sacrament has undergone a change and it has lost it religious sanctity under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Image Guidelines 5. Of late, Hindu marriage has undergone several changes.

hindu marriage a religious sacrament

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