Photo by Edith Smith (Shady Oak Butterfly Farm) The Appalachian tiger swallowtail is a hybrid of 2 other species — a rare thing in the animal world. The giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) is the largest butterfly in North America. Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail – Papilio glaucus, Firecracker Plant – Cigar Plant – Cuphea ignea, Firecracker, Upright – Russelia sarmentosa, Firecracker, Weeping – Russelia equisetiformis, Flowering Trees are Nectar Sources for Butterflies, Freezing Milkweed Leaves for Emergency Use, Frequently Asked Questions about Butterflies and Moths, Goatweed Leafwing Butterfly – Anaea andria, Great Purple Hairstreak – Atlides halesus, Green vomit, diarrhea, and writhing caterpillars, Hercule’s Club Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Butterfly Host Plant for the Giant Swallowtail Butterfly, How Shady Oak plays a role in butterfly research and conservation, How to Safely Transport or Ship Butterflies, Indigo Spires Salvia – Salvia ‘Indigo Spires’, Little Metalmark – Calephelis virginiensis, Many Trees Are Host Plants for Butterflies (And Moths), Milkweed Tiger Moth (Milkweed Tussock Moth), Monarch Butterfly Aberration With White Scales, Monarch Butterfly Caterpillars Eat Pumpkin, Monarch Butterfly Decline and Tropical Milkweed. The female will lay its eggs singly on the host plant leaves. Should I separate Piggy-back Chrysalises? Raising a caterpillar with your kids is a great learning experience, and swallowtails are some of the most beautiful and biggest butterflies in North America. When the caterpillars hatch, they begin feeding on the host plant. Tarragon sage is an aster; not an umbel. (Foeniculum vulgare). In the garden - butterfly bush (Buddleia), zinnia. In this one, I talk about Eastern Tiger Swallowtail butterflies and Zebra Swallowtails. It is a striking butterfly, with impressive large yellow and black wings, and spots of blue and orange near its tail. Western Tiger Swallowtail Papilio rutulus. Their butterfly life cycle also takes up to 2 months , so the odds are stacked against northern gardeners wanting to raise them with fewer generations and more plants to search! This orange forked structure is called an osmeterium. Feeding desert swallowtails all the way through on this host can sometimes be difficult as it grows in remote desert areas and doesnt' usually keep well in cuttings. Loosen soil to a depth of 8” to 12”. When the eastern tiger swallowtail caterpillar matures it is green with orange and black false eyespots. Its orange color is based on its pre-pupal state as it was likely searching for an … It is a member of the genus Papilio, of which Papilio appalachiensis and Papilio xuthus are also members. Palamedes Swallowtail – Papilio palamedes, Passion vine species that are safe for caterpillars, Pinewoods or Sandhill Milkweed – Asclepias humistrata, Pipevine Swallowtail vs Polydamas (Gold Rim) Swallowtail. The nearly identical looking western swallowtail (Papilio rutulus) feeds on cottonwoods, aspens and others. Be prepared for heavy munching on your host plants! Common Name: Western Tiger Swallowtail Scientific Name : Papilio rutulus Order: Lepidoptera Family: Papilionoidea - Swallowtail Butterflies Subfamily: Papilioninae Swallowtails are named for the tails on their hindwings that resemble the long tail feathers of swallows. We should all plant host plants for species that are found in our area. Western Tiger Swallowtail Papilio rutulus. Spicebush Swallowtail and Palamedes Swallowtail: Red Bay Persea borbonia Swamp Bay Persea humilis Silk Bay Persea palustris Sassafrass Sassafras albidum Once the host plant has been located, the butterfly will lay her eggs. It can only be separated by habitat and host plant choices (the host plant is the plant that the caterpillar feeds on). I can't tell if it molted or just changed color as the skin stretched. It's most distinctive, consistent character in identification is the sweet smell of the leaves. Unlike milkweed-obsessed monarchs, the giant swallowtail female will lay eggs on a wide range of host plants. Hop tree – Ptelea trifoliata OE – Ophryocystis elektroscirrha – Monarch Butterfly, OE and Chrysalises Pupae – Monarch and Queen – Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, Do My Monarch Butterflies Have OE? Western Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio rutulus) fifth instar larva on host Populus fremontii. It enjoys the nectar of many kinds of flowers, including salvia, lobelia, thistle, buckeye, lavender, and zinnia, as well as the Jupiter’s Beard shown above. Although sometimes you get lucky, and a single plant can serve a double function. Attract the butterflies to your garden by growing plants they like to feed on, such as milkweed, purple coneflower, bee balm, butterfly weed, butterfly plant… In the wild - California buckeye, yerba santas, brodiaeas, vetches, milkweed, dogbanes, thistles. Whereas a Western Tiger Swallowtail will search for trees and shrubs, such as chokecherry, willows and cottonwoods. Swallowtail Butterfly Host Plants. Swallowtail butterflies use host plants like dill, fennel, carrots, parsley or rue. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. It is found in woodlands. Pale Swallowtail Papilio ... 1/2 - 3 1/2 inches (6.4 - 9 cm). The Western Tiger Swallowtail ranges through much of western North America from N. Dakota south to New Mexico; west from British Columbia, Canada to Baja California, Mexico. Presentations: Butterfly Gardening and More, Propagating Tropical Milkweed With Stem Cuttings, Question Mark – Polygonia interrogationis, Rice Button Aster – Symphyotrichum dumosum, Rocky Mountain Region Butterflies and Their Plants, Rose Swamp Milkweed – Asclepias incarnata, Scarlet Morning Glory – Ipomoea hederifolia. The species is similar to the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Papilio glaucus) of eastern N. America and is found mostly between sea level and 5000 ft. (1500 m.). The aristolochic acids in these host plants protect the pipevine swallowtail eggs, caterpillars, and adult butterflies. Caterpillar Host Plants; Pipevine swallowtail: pipevines (Aristolochia spp.) Though they’re frequently found in wooded areas (they generally host on trees), they’re common in the flower garden, too. Dear Anneka & Samantha, This is a Western Tiger Swallowtail Caterpillar, Papilio rutulus, and for most of its life it was green to camouflage itself on the leaves upon which it had been feeding. A great alternative is fennel. Wild lime – Zanthoxylum fagara (Thorny) It is a striking butterfly, with impressive large yellow and black wings, and spots of blue and orange near its tail. There are a number of companion plants for dill but pretty much the only companion plant … Both the caterpillars and adult butterflies can secrete a distasteful liquid that deters some parasitoids, birds, and other predators. Here are some general tips for your swallowtail host planting: Choose a site in full sun (preferred) or part shade. Swallowtail Butterfly Host Plants. Black Death is NOT a Disease – What is it? Blanket Flower – Gaillardia x grandiflora, Braconid Wasps Are Parasitoids of Butterfly and Moth Caterpillars, Brazilian Bachelor’s Button – Centratherum intermedium, Brazilian Skipper Butterfly – Calpodes ethlius, Breaking Swallowtail Diapause in Chrysalises, Breeding Sibling Butterflies – Inbreeding, Butterfly Garden Plants for the Mid-Atlantic U.S. States. Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus): White Ash (Fraxinus americana), Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), Black Cherry (Prunus serotina), Choke-cherry (Prunus virginiana), American Plum (Prunus americana), Plum (Prunus domestica), Carolina Basswood (Tilia americana), Birch (Betula spp. Only 1 or 2 butterfly eggs out of 100 live to become adult butterflies. Plants for Butterfly Gardens in the Southwestern U.S. Plants Nectar Plants. References And attracting other butterflies, including tiger swallowtails and black swallowtails, depends on recognizing this same fact: grow particular plants to attract adult swallowtails, and grow another set of plants to serve as hosts for swallowtail caterpillars. Elsewhere in the West, it often uses green ash planted along city roads (in California, city habitats are usually occupied by western tiger swallowtails rather than two-tailed). The Western Tiger Swallowtail are butterflies that belong to the popular ‘swallowtail’ group that is well-known for their vibrant coloration and characteristic triangular wings. The small caterpillar doubled in size and changed from brown to mostly green. Here are some plants that serve as host plants for swallowtails. Here's a list of host plants for our native butterfly caterpillars; plant them and watch your butterfly population grow! But, the pair of aromatic herbs are particularly favored by black swallowtails. It is found all across Western North America. It seems that almost all butterflies enjoy dill and fennel; as both a nectar source and a host plant. Another photo from Logan Canyon, Cache County, Utah. Finding the plant can be somewhat of a challenge eventhough the butterflies can be more or less common. Two-tailed swallowtail (Papilio multicaudatus) host plant choke cherry (Prunus virginiana). This plant grows in the Mojave Desert Region of Southern Nevada as well as extreme SW Utah in Washington County and NW Arizona in Mohave County. Caterpillars feed on ... One flight from April-July, many flights in southern California from March-August. This is Aristolochia watsonii--the principal larval hostplant of the pipevine swallowtail (Battus philenor philenor) in Arizona. The Western Tiger Swallowtail hosts on deciduous riparian trees like cottonwoods, ashes, aspens, wild cherries, sycamores, and willows. Unlike milkweed-obsessed monarchs, the eastern tiger swallowtail will lay eggs on a wide range of host plants. Then, it happened… Then, it happened… Last season was the first time in years we saw zero giant swallowtail butterflies…had extending northern hospitality to a southern butterfly species been a waste of time? Rue – Ruta graveolens (Some people have bad reactions to rue, including marks on the skin as if they were burned.) Their host plants include: cherry trees such as Wild Black Cherry (Prunus serotina), Tuliptree/Yellow-poplar - (Liriodendron tulipifera), Cymopterus terebinthinus calcareus growing amongst the rock slides of Blacksmith Fork Canyon, Cache County, Utah. The nearly identical looking western swallowtail (Papilio rutulus) feeds on cottonwoods, aspens and others. Caterpillars of the western tiger swallowtail can be found on seedling poplars growing along the Columbia River that borders Washington and Oregon from June through August. Plant growing in the rocks near Yellow Knolls, Washington County, Utah. But, the pair of aromatic herbs are particularly favored by black swallowtails. Changing from other plants to highly toxic water hemlock is sometimes fatal for caterpillars. Caterpillars feed on leaves and rest on silken mats in shelters of curled leaves. Changing to rue from another plant is often difficult to impossible. In California it mostly uses California hoptree. Butterfly Gardening in the Northeastern U.S. Caterpillars and pet flea/tick medication, Chalcid Wasps and Monarch Butterfly Caterpillars and Chrysalises, Chalcid wasps in Black Swallowtail butterfly chrysalises, Charlotte’s Blush Tropical Milkweed – Asclepias curassavica Charlotte’s Blush, Checkered White Butterfly – Pontia protodice, Cigar Plant – Candy Corn – Cuphea melvillea, Clasping Milkweed – Asclepias amplexicaulis, Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly – Phoebis sennae, Cofaqui Skipper Butterfly – Megathymus cofaqui, Coral Honeysuckle – Lonicera sempervirens. Why are there fewer butterflies some years? Butterfly Host Plants are important when you create your butterfly garden to provide a site for the butterfly to lay eggs and also food source for the emerging caterpillar. Populations of the indra swallowtail use this host in the San Rafael Swell and San Rafael Swell Reef region of Central Utah. Tiger Swallowtails use a number of different plants as host plants, many of which are trees. Tiger Swallowtail. This common tree of upland forests is one of the main host plants of Eastern Tiger Swallowtail. The principal hostplant for Papilio bairdi (western black swallowtail) is Artemisia dracunculus (tarragon sage.) Rue - Ruta graveolens (Some people have bad reactions to rue,… Gas plant – Dictamnus albus Two-tailed swallowtail (Papilio multicaudatus) fifth instar caterpillar rests on its "pad" on host plant choke cherry (Prunus virginiana). Butterfly Host Plants. The hindwing has many orange scales on both morphs. Diapause – Where Do Butterflies Go In The Winter? Sea torchwood – Amyris elemifera Then grow a few of these host plants: Carrots. Another photo of P. indra UT West Desert segregate host Lomatium grayi depauperatum. Flat blue and metallic blue butterflies – male or female? These are active butterflies that prefer sunny habitats and can also be seen puddling in the mud, flocking together in large numbers. When the wings are closed, each of the ventral sides of the wings displays similar Western parts of the United States and the southern regions of that run vertically. Papilio coloro host turpentine broom (Thamnosma montana). Papilio indra larvae will refuse this parsley. The species is similar to the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail ( Papilio glaucus ) of eastern N. America and is found mostly between sea level and 5000 ft. (1500 m.). The top of the pupa extends slightly from the plant, held by strong silk. Surely by now it had molted. The same common names can be used for several plants, sometimes not related at all. Nectar and Host Plants Used by the Western Tiger Swallowtail. There is a useful list of California native plants favored by the Western Swallowtail at These butterflies are frequently seen in urban parks and gardens, as well as in rural woodlands and riparian areas. There are many others that we did not list.) The hind wings consist of tw It's most distinctive, consistent character in identification is the sweet smell of the leaves. Setup to get female western tiger swallowtails (Papilio rutulus) to lay eggs in a 23" x 23" x 36" popup cage. Yellow OPY Monarch Butterfly Chrysalises – Danaus plexippus. (These are only some of the plants that these species use as host plants. Closeup of Cymopterus terebinthinus petraeus. Then grow a few of these host plants: Carrots. Butterfly Caterpillar Host Plants; Pipevine swallowtail: pipevines (Aristolochia spp. First instar of Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (by thumb), and egg (top of of photo) on ornamental magnolia leaf. If you live in the western United States, then the big yellow and black butterfly is either a Western (Papilio rurtulus) or a Two-tailed (Papilio multicaudata) Swallowtail. A "bird poop" 1st instar Tiger Swallowtail caterpillar. Caterpillar It is a large swallowtail butterfly with black stripes on yellow wings giving it the tiger-like pattern. Anise Swallowtails in Northern Utah will use Lomatium grayi grayi; eventhough Papilio indra sometimes struggle using this host in the lab. Papilio indra minori host Lomatium junceum. There are many others that we did not list.) )Zebra swallowtail: pawpaw (Asimina triloba)Black swallowtail: parsley family - parsley, dill, fennel, carrot, Queen Anne's lace, Golden Alexanders (Zizia aurea), rue family - common rueGiant swallowtail Make a sign for your caterpillar garden so everyone knows they are welcome visitors! Photo of Ceanothus velutinus. The Ozark Swallowtail looks exactly like the Black Swallowtail. Citrus plants (orange, lemon, etc) - Citrus spp. The top of the pupa extends slightly from the plant, held … Loosen soil to a depth of 8” to 12”. The anise swallowtail pupa looks like a thick branch coming off of the larval host plant. The wingspan is from 2 3/4 to 4 inches. Citrus plants (orange, lemon, etc) – Citrus spp. Papilio indra indra 1st instar on host Lomatium graveolens. Discovering which caterpillar foods you can bring to your garden to support new and interesting native butterflies offers an opportunity to try out different types of native flowering plants. It is a striking butterfly, with impressive large yellow and black wings, and spots of blue and orange near its tail. The female butterfly will lay a small, white-yellow egg on the host plant. Make a sign for your caterpillar garden so everyone knows they are welcome visitors! The Western Tiger Swallowtail ranges through much of western North America from N. Dakota south to New Mexico; west from British Columbia, Canada to Baja California, Mexico. Only 1 or 2 butterfly eggs out of 100 live to become adult butterflies. Hercules club – Zanthoxylum clava-herculis (Thorny) The host plants are Meadow Parsnip (Thaspium barbinode) and Yellow Pimpernal (Taenidia intregerrima). Neighbor Uses Pesticide Indiscriminately? The butterflies flock to the nectar of tubular flowers such as those of bee balm, lilac, phlox, mint, milkweed and butterfly bush. What is wrong with my butterfly chrysalis? It can as many as 7 days for the eggs to hatch. The Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus) chrysalis I photographed on July 22nd (and observed as a caterpillar in previous weeks) was ready to emerge as a butterfly this morning. Butterfly Host Plants. Gardeners can play can play a key role in restoring lost habitat of host plants for many types of butterflies and moths. It tends to take longer if the weather is cooler. Providing nectar in your garden for butterflies is an excellent idea, but providing plants for them to munch on while they are caterpillars is better! The caterpillar grows to around 5 cm in length before forming a chrysalis, which is brown or green and about 3 cm long. Discovering which caterpillar foods you can bring to your garden to support new and interesting native butterflies offers an opportunity to try out different types of native flowering plants. Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly eggs, caterpillar, pupa, & adult, how long do they live, their wingspan, flight pattern, host plants, distribution, images Disinfect Butterfly Eggs – Monarch or Any Species, Do My Monarch Butterflies Have OE? The eastern tiger swallowtail caterpillar begins its life as an egg laid on a host plant, most commonly deciduous trees and shrubs like lilac, willow, birch, ash, wild cherry, basswood, and tulip poplars.