They are listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List due to habitat loss and hunting for bushmeat, and are known for being incredibly secretive. Some have spots all over, while others are spotted only on their bellies and inner legs. ), the species is smaller than a domestic cat, and substantially smaller than the African wildcat – both of which are close relatives. The reclusive African golden cat is endemic to the tropical forests of West and Central Africa, from the Central African Republic in the north to northern Angola in the south. Similar events have been reported (right up to modern times) in North African and Arabia. Weight is 12-20 pounds, occasionally up to 36 pounds in old, fat males. Read more > Sand Cat (Felis margarita) The Sand Cat is a small wild cats about the size of a domestic cat. They can survive in a wide range of habitats, but favor hilly areas and are less common in the desert. This is no coincidence, since domestic cats are descended from African wild cats tamed in the Middle East some 10,000 years ago. During the day, they sleep in the abandoned burrows of other animals. Cat Trivia: All domestic cats are descended from African wild cats. Females are pregnant for 56 to 68 days and give birth to 1 to 8 young, with an average of 3.4, in a protected burrow, often a space under rocks or in dense vegetation. Despite its name, the jungle cat inhabits wetlands with dense vegetation rather than jungles, camouflaged by its uniformly sandy, spotless fur. Also known as the small-spotted cat, this species is endemic to southern Africa, where it is found predominantly in the dry, open areas of South Africa and Namibia. It has a distinctive white muzzle, and is found in China, the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent and parts of Central and Southeast Asia. The sand cat is found in North Africa and Southwest and Central Asia, and is the only cat species to inhabit areas of true desert. Sand cats can survive temperatures ranging from −5 °C/ 23 °F to 52 °C/ 126 °F, and seek shelter in the burrows of other animals. Felid TAG 2000 recommendation: Wild cat ssp. Black-footed cats are listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, and are exceptionally hard to spot due to their nocturnal behavior. It is that lover of cold climates — the Canadian lynx. (Felis sylvestris). Lina D. BoredPanda staff. Breeding has been recorded nearly year round in Asiatic wild cats (F. s. notatus) and, in African wild cats (F. s. libyca) breeding has been recorded from September through March. 21 Rare Wild Cat Species You Probably Didn’t Know Exist . With more and more of their natural habitat disappearing, wildcats—as well as many other types of wildlife—are coming in closer contact with man. There are six small African wild cat species, including the African Wildcat which was classified as a separate species in 2017. They are also resident in areas of the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent. Because of this, African golden cats were only photographed for the first time in the wild in 2002. The jungle cat (also known as a reed cat or swamp cat) is found across the Middle East, Asia, and southern China, and makes it into this list of African wild cats due to its occurrence in parts of Egypt. It inhabit the mountains, plains and woods and the Northern African form is the ancestor of modern domestic cats. The big cats of southern Africa's golden savannahs are world-renowned. She also covers travel products and has written about everything from camping knives to climbing chalk. Serval (Leptailurus serval) IUCN Status: Least Concern. Eliot's Jellicle Cats. Felidae (/ ˈ f ɛ l ɪ d iː /) is a family of mammals in the order Carnivora, colloquially referred to as cats, and constitutes a clade.A member of this family is also called a felid (/ ˈ f iː l ɪ d /). 12 Nocturnal Animals to Look For on an African Safari, An Introduction to Africa's Big Five Safari Animals, A Top 10 List of Africa's Most Dangerous Snakes, The Complete Guide to New Zealand's Birds and Wildlife, Uganda's National Parks: The Complete List, Fun Facts About African Animals: The Cheetah, Africa's Top 12 Safari Animals and Where to Find Them, Meet the Dog That Communicates Through Sneezes: African Wild Dog Facts, The Little Five: Africa's Smaller Safari Animals, The Top 12 National Parks to Visit in Africa, These Amazing Webcams Take You on a Virtual Safari, Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, South Africa: The Complete Guide, Tarangire National Park, Tanzania: The Complete Guide, Forgotten Felines: The Seven Small Cats of Africa, TripSavvy uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our. It is closely related to the serval and the caracal, and is approximately two times the size of a domestic cat. Its pale, sandy fur allows for perfect camouflage, while the undersides of its paws are covered with thick fur to protect them from the burning sand. The jungle cat is active during the day, and feeds on small rodents and birds. Today, they are found across Africa and around the edge of the Arabian Peninsula. The African wildcat occurs across Africa, around the periphery of the Arabian Peninsula, and in the Middle East as far eastward as the Caspian Sea. It inhabits a broad variety of habitats, especially in hilly and mountainous landscapes such as the Hoggar Mountains. The Eurasian and African wild cat, including forms from India, the Middle East and Europe, is generally common in nature. Head Body Length: 45-80 cm (17-31″); Tail Length: 24.1-36.8 cm (9.4-14″) Weight: 3-8 kg (6-18 lbs); The African Wildcat Felis lybica is the size of a large housecat. OCELOT The ocelot is the most beautiful Texas cat. The chin and throat and underside are white. The Caracal is an elegant cat with short reddish-brown fur on the back and sides. There are eighteen subspecies, with a small population remaining in the North African nation of Morocco. The modern cat (Felis silvestris catus) is descended from one or more of four or five separate wild cats: the Sardinian wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica), the European wildcat (F. s. silvestris), the Central Asian wildcat (F.s. According to a recent study by Claudio Ottoni, cat domestication took place in two strains, but all domestic cats have a common ancestor: the North African / Southwest Asian wildcat, Felis silvestris lybica (Ottoni and others 2017). The lion and the leopard are part of the continent's famous Big Five, while the cheetah is undoubtedly one of the most sought-after safari sightings. wild cat living north of the Rio Grande and the Gulf of California which is not found in Texas. African golden cats are solidly built, and vary in color from reddish brown to dark grey. Six thousand years ago Egyptians domesticated the African Wild Cat to control mice and rats raiding granaries. They are medium-sized cats, with an average floor-to-shoulder height of 24 inches/ 60 centimeters. African wildcat, (Felis silvestris libyca), also called Egyptian wildcat, small, tabbylike cat (family Felidae) found in open and forested regions of Africa and Asia. While the Jungle or Reed cat is found in Egypt, the majority of their range is in Asia and they are listed under Eurasian cats. Download Pdf - Lists of African Cats. It has a stocky build with large eyes and round ears, and its tawny fur is boldly marked with black spots. The African wild cat (Lybica group) is found throughout Africa (excluding Western African rainforest) and the Middle East. Despite its name, the jungle cat avoids rainforest and woodland areas and instead favors marshes, swamps and wetlands. As well as a beautiful black-spotted coat, servals have small heads, oversized ears, and the longest legs of any cat in proportion to their size. The wildcats north of the Douro and Ebro Rivers are said to be smaller ... followed by the black-footed cat (F. nigripes), the sand cat (F. margarita), the African wildcat (F. lybica) and then the European wildcat. The domestic cat (Felis catus or Felis silvestris domesticus) is a small mammal belonging to the Felidae family.This is because the history of the cat is interconnected with the wild felines which still inhabit parts of our planet. Most small wild cats are the size of a domesticated cat. The bobcat is a medium-sized, reddish brown cat about the size of a chow dog. Click on the names beneath the photos to read our African Cats fact sheets. Serval is an unusual-looking cat with very … cafra), and (perhaps) the Chinese desert cat (F.s. Also called the reed or swamp cat, the jungle cat is a long-legged species with large, pointed ears and a uniform sandy coat. African Wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica). The African wildcat (Felis lybica) is a small wild cat that can be found in Africa and Asia. Caracals are difficult to spot, being both nocturnal and naturally secretive. In deserts such as the Sahara, it occurs at much lower densities. ornata), the sub-Saharan African wildcat (F.s. It is unique in that no two ocelot pelts are alike. Likely the first cat to be domesticated, the African wildcat is somewhat larger and stockier than the modern house cat, with which it interbreeds readily. Nineteenth century explorers of North Africa have recorded that local people caught and reared African Wild Cats as pets, keeping them around their huts and enclosures. There is a host of wonderful African names for cats available from contemporary names, to those derived from mythology and history. It ranges across the area north of the Sahara from Morocco to Egypt and inhabits the tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands south of the Sahara from Mauritania to the Jessica Macdonald lives in South Africa's Eastern Cape province and has been TripSavvy's Africa Expert since 2016. Their name is derived from a Turkish word meaning "black ear", and indeed, long black ear tufts are one of this species' defining features. Photograph: Black-footed Cat. In Africa, it only occurs in Egypt. African Wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica) Those lucky enough to spot an African wildcat in its natural … These names are brimming with meaning and excitement. The Near Eastern wildcat was domesticated and is the ancestor of today’s household cat. They are shy, yet fierce when cornered - which is why their Afrikaans name translates as "anthill tiger". The three big cats of Africa are the Lion, Leopard and Cheetah totaling ten species of wild cats in Africa. 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