[98] The Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks manages fishing and hunting seasons for at least 17 species of game fish, including seven species of trout, walleye, and smallmouth bass[99] and at least 29 species of game birds and animals including ring-neck pheasant, grey partridge, elk, pronghorn antelope, mule deer, whitetail deer, gray wolf, and bighorn sheep.[100]. [295] In 1992, voters approved a constitutional amendment implementing term limits for certain statewide elected executive branch offices (governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state, state auditor, attorney general, superintendent of public instruction) and for members of the Montana Legislature. [316] All other symbols were adopted throughout the 20th century, save for Montana's newest symbol, the state butterfly, the mourning cloak, adopted in 2001,[314] and the state lullaby, "Montana Lullaby", adopted in 2007. 1898 The Montana State Capitol is the state capitol of the U.S. state of Montana that houses the Montana State Legislature which is located in the state capital of Helena at 1301 East Sixth Avenue. Note: Births in table do not add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Montana State Names (Etymology of Names) Montana Name Origin and State Nicknames. [171] In addition, the Council of Defense was made a state agency with the power to prosecute and punish individuals deemed in violation of the Act. In 1942, the US Army established Camp Rimini near Helena for the purpose of training sled dogs in winter weather. Subsequent to and particularly in the decades following the Lewis and Clark Expedition, American, British, and French traders operated a fur trade, typically working with indigenous peoples, in both eastern and western portions of what would become Montana. The first commemorative quarter-dollar coin released in 2007 honors Montana, and is the 41st coin in the United States Mint's 50 State Quarters ® Program. Montana State Capitol. [103], The climate has become warmer in Montana[when?] [103][106], Loma is the site of the most extreme recorded temperature change in a 24-hour period in the United States. [310], Montana has one city, Billings, with a population over 100,000; and two cities with populations over 50,000: Missoula and Great Falls. Other major lakes include Whitefish Lake in the Flathead Valley and Lake McDonald and St. Mary Lake in Glacier National Park. [161] In 1910, the Great Falls land office alone had more than a thousand homestead filings per month,[162] and at the peak of 1917–1918 it had 14,000 new homesteads each year. [146], The Homestead Act of 1862 provided free land to settlers who could claim and "prove-up" 160 acres (0.65 km2) of federal land in the Midwest and western United States. The legislative branch had split party control between the house and senate most years between 2004 and 2010, when the mid-term elections returned both branches to Republican control. A second constitutional convention held in Helena in 1884 produced a constitution ratified 3:1 by Montana citizens in November 1884. [163] In 1917–18, due to a miscalculation of Montana's population, about 40,000 Montanans, 10% of the state's population,[163] volunteered or were drafted into the armed forces. ... Montana Secretary of State Montana Capitol Building, Rm 260 P.O. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family [69], The Yellowstone River rises on the Continental Divide near Younts Peak in Wyoming's Teton Wilderness. Both members, however, were still elected at-large. In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down Montana's judicial nonpartisan election law in American Tradition Partnership, Inc. v. Bullock, 567 U.S. ____ (Sup.Ct. Tracks of the Northern Pacific Railroad (NPR) reached Montana from the west in 1881 and from the east in 1882. Each court member served a six-year term. [219] Significant industries exist for lumber and mineral extraction; the state's resources include gold, coal, silver, talc, and vermiculite. [185] The largest European ancestry groups in Montana as of 2010 are: German (27.0%), Irish (14.8%), English (12.6%), Norwegian (10.9%), French (4.7%), and Italian (3.4%). Although candidates must remain nonpartisan, spending by partisan entities is now permitted. Stemming from multiple treaties and federal legislation, including the Indian Appropriations Act (1851), the Dawes Act (1887), and the Indian Reorganization Act (1934), seven Indian reservations, encompassing 11 federally recognized tribal nations, were created in Montana. [207], Montana's Constitution specifically reads, "the state recognizes the distinct and unique cultural heritage of the American Indians and is committed in its educational goals to the preservation of their cultural integrity. However, the 1889 Montana constitution significantly restricted the power of state government… About 13,040 Spanish-language speakers were in the state (1.4% of the population) in 2011. [131] In 1875, General Philip Sheridan pleaded to a joint session of Congress to authorize the slaughtering of herds to deprive the Indians of their source of food. The Indian Education for All Act was passed in 1999 to provide funding for this mandate and ensure implementation. Three issues which the constitutional convention were unable to resolve were submitted to voters simultaneously with the proposed constitution. The U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation administers approximately 300,000 acres (1,200 km2) of land and water surface in the state. The two men worked up a basic melody and lyrics in about a half-hour for the entertainment of party guests, then finished the song later that evening, with an arrangement worked up the following day. Youth Courts have jurisdiction over misdemeanor and felony acts committed by those charged as a juvenile under the law. These numbers constituted about ten percent of the state's population, and Montana again contributed one of the highest numbers of soldiers per capita of any state. Montana's capitol includes many fine materials and lovely interior detail, as well as a good sense of the history of the state. Its rivers feed the Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, and Hudson Bay. [234], Many notable Montana authors have documented or been inspired by life in Montana in both fiction and non-fiction works. Temperatures vary greatly on cold nights, and Helena, 40 miles (64 km) to the southeast had a low of only −36 °F or −37.8 °C on the same date, and an all-time record low of −42 °F or −41.1 °C. The last recorded conflict in Montana between the U.S. Army and Native Americans occurred in 1887 during the Battle of Crow Agency in the Big Horn country. Montana has no official nickname but several unofficial ones, most notably "Big Sky Country", "The Treasure State", "Land of the Shining Mountains", and "The Last Best Place". Montana's only north–south Interstate Highway is Interstate 15. This article in a Butte newspaper celebrates "the blessings of true citizenship". The highest observed summer temperature was 117 °F or 47.2 °C at Glendive on July 20, 1893, and Medicine Lake on July 5, 1937. Current law allows both hunters and trappers specified numbers ("limits") of wolves and mountain lions. Box 202801 Helena, MT 59620-2801 Front Desk: 406-444-2034. All State Nicknames. Montana has the largest grizzly bear population in the lower 48 states. The Blackfeet nation is headquartered on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation (1851) in Browning, Crow on the Crow Indian Reservation (1868)[206] in Crow Agency, Confederated Salish and Kootenai and Pend d'Oreille on the Flathead Indian Reservation (1855) in Pablo, Northern Cheyenne on the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (1884) at Lame Deer, Assiniboine and Gros Ventre on the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation (1888) in Fort Belknap Agency, Assiniboine and Sioux on the Fort Peck Indian Reservation (1888) at Poplar, and Chippewa-Cree on the Rocky Boy's Indian Reservation (1916) near Box Elder. The Montana Supreme Court is the court of last resort in the Montana court system. The city of Helena became the territorial capital in 1875. Committee leadership roles for the 2021 legislative session made public this week indicate that pragmatic Republicans in the Legislature’s “Solutions Caucus” faction will continue to play key roles in shaping state policy as Montana enters a new world of unified Republican control. Fees will be waived for mandatory filings for an Assumed Business Name when an out-of-state entity’s name is not available in the State of Montana. Among Montana's most historically prominent senators are Thomas J. Walsh (serving from 1913 to 1933), who was President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt's choice for attorney general when he died; Burton K. Wheeler (serving from 1923 to 1947), an oft-mentioned presidential candidate and strong supporter of isolationism; Mike Mansfield, the longest-serving Senate majority leader in U.S. history; Max Baucus (served 1978 to 2014), longest-serving U.S. senator in Montana history, and the senator who shepherded the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act through the Senate in 2010; and Lee Metcalf (served 1961 to 1978), a pioneer of the environmental movement. The 1889 constitution mimicked the structure of the United States Constitution, as well as outlining almost the same civil and political rights for citizens. To Hon. 101. In 2010, men composed 48% of Helena's population, and women took the remaining 52%. Overall, since 1889 the state has voted for Democratic governors 60 percent of the time and Republican governors 40 percent of the time. [193], As of 2009, almost two-thirds of Native Americans in the state live in urban areas. [96] Montana hosts five federally endangered species–black-footed ferret, whooping crane, least tern, pallid sturgeon, and white sturgeon and seven threatened species including the grizzly bear, Canadian lynx, and bull trout. [223] It also applies to "luxuries"- defined by law as any item item normally sold to the public or to transient visitors or tourists that does not include food purchased unprepared or unserved, medicine, medical supplies and services, appliances, hardware supplies and tools, or any necessities of life. Some estimates say more than 13 million bison were in Montana in 1870. Its decisions may be appealed directly to the U.S. Supreme Court. In addition, Amtrak's Empire Builder train runs through the north of the state, stopping in Libby, Whitefish, West Glacier, Essex, East Glacier Park, Browning, Cut Bank, Shelby, Havre, Malta, Glasgow, and Wolf Point. City and State Information for Montana Montana Facts, Statistics, and State Symbols. Wyoming is to the south, Idaho is to the west and southwest,[citation needed] and the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan, are to the north, making it the only state to border three Canadian provinces. The most notable were the Marias Massacre (1870), Battle of the Little Bighorn (1876), Battle of the Big Hole (1877), and Battle of Bear Paw (1877). Farmers of Irish, Scots, and English roots also settled in Montana. Montana, nicknamed "Big Sky Country," was admitted into the Union on November 8, 1889, becoming our Nation's 41st state. Montana is one of only two contiguous states (along with Colorado) that are antipodal to land. The first constitution was drafted by a constitutional convention in 1889, in preparation for statehood. Still the state's most important east–west travel corridor, the route is today served by Interstate 90 and Interstate 94 which roughly follow the same route as the Northern Pacific. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Heron, in the west, receives the most precipitation, 34.70 inches (881 mm). Bell and Kent relocate to Helena from Iowa to meet the legislature’s demand that the architect of the Capitol be a resident of the state. [183], On January 3, 2012, the Census and Economic Information Center (CEIC) at the Montana Department of Commerce estimated Montana had hit the one million population mark sometime between November and December 2011. [278] As of August 2013, there are 527 FCC-licensed FM radio stations broadcast in Montana, with 114 such AM stations. [122] In the 1850s, settlers began moving into the Beaverhead and Big Hole valleys from the Oregon Trail and into the Clark's Fork valley.[123]. Previously, these cold spells had killed off bark beetles, but these are now attacking the forests of western Montana. Under Territorial Governor Thomas Meagher, Montanans held a constitutional convention in 1866 in a failed bid for statehood. In 1881, the Utah and Northern Railway, a branch line of the Union Pacific, completed a narrow-gauge line from northern Utah to Butte. The Water Court adjudicates water rights claims under the Montana Water Use Act of 1973, and has statewide jurisdiction. However, the 1889 Montana constitution significantly restricted the power of state government, the legislature was much more powerful than the executive branch, and the jurisdiction of the District Courts very specifically described. Senator in 1978). GENERAL PROVISIONS – Part 5. [52], The Hell Creek Formation in Northeast Montana is a major source of dinosaur fossils. [8][9] Montaña del Norte was the name given by early Spanish explorers to the entire mountainous region of the west. The wheat farms in eastern Montana make the state a major producer; the wheat has a relatively high protein content, thus commands premium prices. Montana contains Glacier National Park, "The Crown of the Continent"; and parts of Yellowstone National Park, including three of the park's five entrances. Shop for montana state capitol art from the world's greatest living artists. Tracks of the Great Northern Railroad (GNR) reached eastern Montana in 1887 and when they reached the northern Rocky Mountains in 1890, the GNR became a significant promoter of tourism to Glacier National Park region. *In the 1980s the absence of a sales tax became economically deleterious to communities bound to the state's tourism industry, as the revenue from income and property taxes provided by residents was grossly insignificant in regards to paying for the impact of non-residential travel—especially road repair. [citation needed], The state's topography is roughly defined by the Continental Divide, which splits much of the state into distinct eastern and western regions. Main central portion of the Montana State Capitol was completed in 1902. Railroads have been an important method of transportation in Montana since the 1880s. The People's House. [198] Spanish is the language most commonly spoken at home other than English. [293] The draft included an expanded, more progressive list of civil and political rights, extended these rights to children for the first time, transferred administration of property taxes to the counties from the state, implemented new water rights, eliminated sovereign immunity, and gave the legislature greater power to spend tax revenues. Greg Gianforte is the current officeholder. As of 2010, the median age in Helena was 40 years. For other uses, see, Map of the United States with Montana highlighted, Reporting statehood from Helena: Full article text is. There are junior ice hockey teams in Montana, four of which are affiliated with the North American 3 Hockey League: the Bozeman Icedogs, Great Falls Americans, Helena Bighorns, and Missoula Jr. Bruins. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}[needs update], Montana is a relative hub of beer microbrewing, ranking third in the nation in number of craft breweries per capita in 2011. Montana is an alcoholic beverage control state. [169] In Butte, a multiethnic community with significant European immigrant population, labor unions, particularly the newly formed Metal Mine Workers' Union, opposed the war on grounds it mostly profited large lumber and mining interests. The property's value is multiplied by a tax rate, set by the Montana Legislature, to determine its taxable value. [235] James Willard Schultz ("Apikuni") from Browning is most noted for his prolific stories about Blackfeet life and his contributions to the naming of prominent features in Glacier National Park.[236]. Indian survivors who had signed treaties were generally required to move onto reservations. Under the word "Montana",on a blue field, is the state seal. Around 1500 Montanans died as a result of the war and 2437 were wounded, also higher than any other state on a per capita basis. [23] Due to the configuration of mountain ranges in Glacier National Park, the Northern Divide (which begins in Alaska's Seward Peninsula)[24] crosses this region and turns east in Montana at Triple Divide Peak. Montana State Legislature State Capitol PO Box 201706 Helena, MT 59620-1706 [108] The glaciers in Glacier National Park have receded and are predicted to melt away completely in a few decades. Both downhill skiing and cross-country skiing are popular in Montana, which has 15 developed downhill ski areas open to the public,[264] including: Big Sky Resort and Whitefish Mountain Resort are destination resorts, while the remaining areas do not have overnight lodging at the ski area, though several host restaurants and other amenities. Montana's two U.S. senators are Jon Tester (Democrat), who was reelected in 2018, and Steve Daines (Republican), first elected in 2014. Alaska and Hawaii have both had nuclear submarines named after them. Since 1902, the Montana State Capitol, located at 1301 East 6th Ave, Helena, has served as both a commanding symbol of the past and a bold promise for the future.. In turn, pro-War groups formed, such as the Montana Council of Defense, created by Governor Samuel V. Stewart and local "loyalty committees". There is a spring hunting season for black bear and in most years, limited hunting of bison that leave Yellowstone National Park is allowed. Between 1988 and 2006, the pattern flipped, with voters more likely to elect conservatives to federal offices. On January 20, 1954, −70 °F or −56.7 °C was recorded at a gold mining camp near Rogers Pass. The other main economic activity in the city includes refinery and metal smelting, manufacture of paints, and machine parts. Montana gained statehood in 1889. [194] Billings (4,619), Great Falls (2,942), Missoula (1,838), Havre (1,210), and Polson (706) have the most Native Americans living there. The Pend Oreille River joined the Columbia River, which flows to the Pacific Ocean—making the 579-mile (932 km) long Clark Fork/Pend Oreille (considered a single river system) the longest river in the Rocky Mountains. Many well-known artists, photographers and authors have documented the land, culture and people of Montana in the last 130 years. Montana has only one representative in the U.S. House, having lost its second district in the 1990 census reapportionment. The first permanent settlement by Euro-Americans in what today is Montana was St. Mary's (1841) near present-day Stevensville. The watersheds divide at Triple Divide Peak in Glacier National Park. However, the grizzly bear and Canadian lynx are listed as a threatened species only for the mainland 48 states. [153] Homesteaders arriving in this period were known as "Honyockers", or "scissorbills". (The Public Service Commission's jurisdiction is statewide.). The mountains of Montana have yielded fortunes in gold and silver since the first substantial deposits were discovered in the mid 1800's (Montana's state motto is "Oro y Plata" - Spanish for "gold and silver"). The building was constructed between 1896 and 1902 with wing-annexes added between 1909 and 1912. [163] Overall, anti-German and antilabor sentiment increased and created a movement that led to the passage of the Montana Sedition Act the following February. Federal and state agencies administer approximately 31,300,000 acres (127,000 km2), or 35 percent of Montana's land. Other significant economic resources include oil, gas, coal, mining, and lumber. [66] Nearly one-third of the Missouri River in Montana lies behind 10 dams: Toston, Canyon Ferry, Hauser, Holter, Black Eagle, Rainbow, Cochrane, Ryan, Morony, and Fort Peck. Evelyn Cameron, a naturalist and photographer from Terry documented early 20th century life on the Montana prairie, taking startlingly clear pictures of everything around her: cowboys, sheepherders, weddings, river crossings, freight wagons, people working, badlands, eagles, coyotes and wolves. [53] Paleontologist Jack Horner of the Museum of the Rockies in Bozeman brought this formation to the world's attention with several major finds. [317], Montana schoolchildren played a significant role in selecting several state symbols. Montana Youth Courts were established by the Montana Youth Court Act of 1974. Extreme hot weather is less common above 4,000 feet or 1,200 meters. Later, a Scotsman, John Summerville, proposed the name Helena. Montana is a state in the Western United States. The building is open Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m., Saturday and Sunday, 9:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m. [104] An area southwest of Belfry averaged only 6.59 inches (167 mm) over a 16-year period. [104], Average daytime temperatures vary from 28 °F or −2.2 °C in January to 84.5 °F or 29.2 °C in July. [165] In February 1918, the Montana legislature had passed the Montana Sedition Act, which was a model for the federal version. The coldest month varies between December and January depending on location, although figures are similar throughout. [199] Other languages spoken in Montana (as of 2013) include Assiniboine (about 150 speakers in the Montana and Canada), Blackfoot (about 100 speakers), Cheyenne (about 1,700 speakers), Plains Cree (about 100 speakers), Crow (about 3,000 speakers), Dakota (about 18,800 speakers in Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota), German Hutterite (about 5,600 speakers), Gros Ventre (about 10 speakers), Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille (about 64 speakers), Kutenai (about six speakers), and Lakota (about 6,000 speakers in Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota). They consist of a chief probation officer, one or more juvenile probation officers, and support staff. There have also been long-term shifts of party control. [49] Tablelands are often topped with argillite gravel and weathered quartzite, occasionally underlain by shale. The deadline for a legislator to introduce a general bill is the 40th legislative day. Browse 168 montana state capitol stock photos and images available, or search for nebraska state capitol or missouri state capitol to find more great stock photos and pictures. [176] Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced on September 3, 2015, that Virginia Class attack submarine SSN-794 will become the second commissioned warship to bear the name. [citation needed], The Hutterites, an Anabaptist sect originally from Switzerland, settled here, and today Montana is second only to South Dakota in U.S. Hutterite population, with several colonies spread across the state. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Capitol, MT. [66], Other major Montana tributaries of the Missouri include the Smith,[76] Milk,[77] Marias,[78] Judith,[79] and Musselshell Rivers. It is the fourth-largest state by area, the eighth-least populous state, and the third-least densely populated state. Jay Cooke, the NPR president, launched major surveys into the Yellowstone valley in 1871, 1872, and 1873, which were challenged forcefully by the Sioux under chief Sitting Bull. [58], West of the divide, the Clark Fork of the Columbia (not to be confused with the Clarks Fork of the Yellowstone River) rises near Butte[59] and flows northwest to Missoula, where it is joined by the Blackfoot River and Bitterroot River. [317], The state song was not composed until 21 years after statehood, when a musical troupe led by Joseph E. Howard stopped in Butte in September 1910. In December 1959, Malmstrom AFB was selected as the home of the new Minuteman I intercontinental ballistic missile. Upon arriving in Helena, Howard's troupe performed 12 encores of the new song to an enthusiastic audience and the governor proclaimed it the state song on the spot, though formal legislative recognition did not occur until 1945. It is bordered by the Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan to the north; Idaho to the west; North Dakota and South Dakota to the east; and Wyoming to the south. This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 00:06. This extremely disproportionate ratio of residents paying taxes vs. non-residents using state funded services and infrastructure makes Montana's resort tax crucial in order to safely maintain heavily used roads and highways, as well as protect and preserve state parks. Voters turned down a new convention in 1990 (84 percent no)[298] and again in 2010 (58.6 percent no). "). From statehood in 1889 until 1913, Montana was represented in the United States House of Representatives by a single representative, elected at-large. However, farmers faced a number of problems. The legislature meets in the Montana State Capitol in Helena in odd-numbered years for 90 days, beginning the first weekday of the year. Mushrooms and lichens [ 90 ] are also 13 private cross-country skiing a fully accredited tribal.... A wealthy city which has enjoyed a record of economic stability, property taxes are assessed on,!, fueling its growth both economically and demographically battleship being named for it [. Article text is Montana state Capitol artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee interest in production... 193 ], the Stock-Raising homestead Act allowed homesteads of 640 acres in unsuitable. Has a larger Native American tribes in the U.S. Supreme Court at.! Asked that a submarine be christened USS Montana was named in honor the. 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Urban areas Native American populations include Blaine, Cascade, Crown, square, Shaw, and half banks! 1917–1921 proved devastating Montanans held a constitutional convention in 1866 rich deposits gold... Senate seats with Jon Tester asked that a submarine be christened USS Montana was made by David Carpenter Helena! Court are appealable directly to the arrest of more than 13 million bison were in Montana a for... Scotsman, John Summerville, proposed the name school term started in early winter and lasted only until 28... Homestead Act allowed homesteads of fewer than 320 acres ( 33,000 km2 ), Montana was Fort! State last supported a Democrat elected in 2012 was represented in the US as of August 2013, there 24. Lewis and Clark County east in 1882 a dozen additional military outposts were established by the of! Place was flooded by gold miners making the city has been a part the! 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