Subspecific information 2 subspecies. It furthermore is found on the Aleutian and other Bering Strait islands, and from the Russian Far East Chukchi Peninsula via Sakhalin south to Kamchatka, and ultimately Kyūshū (though not the rest of Japan). Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus) is a large water bird but the smallest of the other species of cormorants. They all have black feet, and in breeding plumage grow white filoplumes on the head and/or neck, and usually also two head-crests and white thigh patches like the present species does. Pelagic cormorants can dive as deep as 100 feet. 5. Analogous to other smallish cormorants, it is also occasionally called the pelagic shag. Non-breeding plumage is solid glossy black. Breeding adults have a red face patch and a white patch on their flanks. When they feel threatened, they will dart their bills at the intruder, and shake their heads and make a gargling noise. The pelagic cormorant feeds mainly on fish, which it pursues both close to shore and far out at sea. Once the birds have found a nest site they like, they tend to remain faithful to it for the rest of their lives. Intrusion in nesting areas by fishermen, kayakers and divers can also be disruptive. Some bones from prehistoric middens on Amchitka were also attributed to this taxon. Breeding colonies disperse but pelagic cormorants south of the Monterey Bay area do not migrate but continue to forage along the rocky coastal areas following the most abundant prey. Otherwise, the displays are given in silence. Eggs are incubated between the feet and belly, and both sexes share incubation, brooding, and feeding duties. The pelagic cormorant, also known as Baird's cormorant, is a small member of the cormorant family Phalacrocoracidae. [16], Two subspecies are generally recognized. This species has a slender neck and body with a thin bill. Pelagic Cormorant: Population name: pelagicus: Breeding range: N Pacific: Non-breeding range: Red List Category: Least Concern: Ramsar regions: Asia North America Notes: Conservation Framework. They do not form large colonies, but smaller groups may nest together. This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 16:57. When in flight, the head and neck are held out in a straight profile parallel to the water. Nests are usually conpact and saucer shape, and guano acts as a cement to hold it together and to the cliff. Unlike Brandt's cormorants, which sometimes hunt cooperatively, pelagic cormorants hunt alone. Individuals can grow to 2440 g. Reproduction is dioecious. Breeding adults have white patch near legs and redder face. The nest is repaired and improved in each season if need be; it can thus grow up to 5 ft., but it usually does not grow from year to year. In North America they are only found on the Pacific Coast. The Pelagic Cormorant uses its own guano to solidify its nest materials and to cement its nest to the cliff face. It also breeds along the Asian coast to southern China. The large birds from the Prince William Sound region were formerly called P. p. robustus, but are not considered distinct today. Pelagic Cormorants are not naturally water-proof and must spend time preening and grooming their feathers with oil collected from a gland at the base of the tail. In this case, the pelagic cormorant would probably be placed in Compsohalieus. But the namesake pelicans (Pelecanidae) are actually closer relatives of storks (Ciconiidae) than of cormorants. Similar to: Red-faced Cormorant. Breeding plumage is similar to basic plumage but also includes white flank patches, red facial skin at the base of bill, double head crests, and white plumes along the neck and upper-back region. Black overall. [7], The clutch is generally between two and five eggs, most often three or four, but clutches of up to seven eggs have been recorded. The pelagic cormorant in central and southern California breeds on the rocky shores and cliffs along the coast, but substantial colonies breed on San Miguel, Santa Barbara, Anacapa, Santa Rosa and Santa Cruz islands from March to August. Adults in nonbreeding plumage are all-black with a metallic iridescence. Many authors favor Breeds from the Bering Sea south to the northern Baja in California. Stictocarbo kenyoni Siegel-Causey, 1991 Thus, the birds return to a safe roost after foraging to preen and dry their feathers, typically adopting a spread-winged posture. Egg laying usually takes place from early to late spring. Large, long-bodied water birds, but small in comparison to other cormorants. 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