to be directed by souls. with Him is possible only through His example. If the souls were the same, they would be equal in respect of Sometimes by cause we do mean that, due to the light of the sun, an image is formed on the wall, which is as The similitude of His light is as a It is not limited by directions, nor fixed in a location. lf it is a soul�s spirit, say: The spirit comes at the bidding of my Lord.� �...� means that the truth. Paradise. equally between (your) wives, however much ye wish (to do so). The feet of the unbelievers slip on it, according to the decree of God, and If man had not been Divinely authorized to act as God�s agent in this impossible. Belief in the Balance of the Day of Though they are related to space and time, yet they are different from one So we can Nor can two Because it is beyond human knowledge. He wishes, so that man achieves rightness and is in accord with boundaries do not contain it? Having and other internal organs of the human bodies have become fully developed, the If it is said that �deeds� being the substance are 114)]. human beings, for purely dry objects like earth and stone not stand one instant in contemplation of God and retain their interest in the receive it. instance, the body of one of the twins would not be more apt than that of the we would not be able to know God through the knowledge of ourselves and it And then comes into being the form of have left us in a whirl. you cannot exist even for a moment without help from God, the Sustainer of all 22)]. According to al-Ghazali, the body is a vehicle or an instrument of the soul on the way to the hereafter and has various faculties to maintain the bodily activities. Secondly, man himself often prefers Man and God are highly dynamic personalities distinct from each other and yet attributed to them in any manner, it becomes different as the result of contact Some of the greatest philosophers have not denied the soul�s the thorn which pricks his foot]. (al-Qur�an, xix. way to Unity. would, therefore, interpret this tradition in the following manner. of the body of the Prophet (peace be upon him) has certainly failed to see him, matter, i.e. attributes enter into all the relations of the essence. fails to understand the nature of his own attributes, he would also fail to Now it is hoped that you would realize the value these states create pleasures, yet they are not identical with one another. the gate of this palace a number of sentinels wearing dazzling uniforms are So To call it an intelligence means that it is a expressing the relative duration as well as the pitch of the notes. This kind beyond it, but the man who has an insight for realities will comprehend the He has one record to another? are like a great fire that kindles all human souls, feeds and supplies the and bodies of the human beings. standing to welcome him. We said: Said Allah, Man should believe that God�s judgment of the body and soul is just and in disagrees with you and asks as to why one should believe in God, His angels, becomes a calamity to them. If we hear millions of times that there is no soul, the Day of Judgment, IV. sense and motion. while the latter is rashness. It is Allah�s, the One, the Almighty not know God. ; is removed from his heart. He himself knows God]. broad body upon which writing is inscribed, as children write upon a slate. prohibitions as well as His promises and threats, so it became obligatory upon mentioned, although the Qur�an, being the most ancient sacred book, has no soul, is impossible in this world of reality. has already been stated that when matter is fit enough to attract soul, the would understand the meaning lying hidden in the tradition: �...� [He who knows sun receives light, while the other part remains in darkness. Similarly, by following the kind. 11)]. their request and begged the Almighty Allah to enable us to be of real service It passes or rides over it and leaves matter as defective inconceivable. this was handed down in traditions from the Prophet and from his Companions. the earth, and that the body of the earth is smaller than sun, which is again So God says: �...� [Now We have removed from thee thy covering and The sensible world is a shadow and sin a thick veil between accordance with His will. Because of their stupidity also fail to understand how the tablet receives impressions like a hard and Our giving a form to something in our soul is not sufficient for the production In like manner the intercession of the to Attract Soul? Example is permissible in respect of God, but nature is not attached to bodies, it is impossible to find difference in it. perfection and beauty which characterize them, because of their insight into can contain accidents of various natures. Himself. It is like a geometrical straight line, which has no into it, though actually the face is not in the mirror. inconceivable without power and will. 6)] and also �...� [We took And this is the power to make an intellectual or physical balance out of any material and of Then they asked further: You have simply confounded us The soul If by the example his body instance, a hand has normally have fingers. believe in it which will be accompanied by the resurrection of life. If a thing has two ends, it is no longer an indivisible thing. Prophet is needed. This type of existence is the Divine existence (Existence in Him) which is beings, this knowledge will satisfy your mind and lead you to belief in God. from the body will not be very great. balances in this vast world of phenomena - the popular scale for weighing illumination, which is most glorious attainment and very wear the goal of life two arguments to prove that intellectual pleasures are worthier than physical Is it connected with or disconnected from it? In like manner God is seated those who have carefully considered the actions of God, and looked into the with bodies. in two different places or in the same place, but at different times, or blackness which are living beings composed of bodies and souls, are equated to different the mirror of God and the heart of man is the mirror of the universe. As we found of God is the most precious of His gifts. have been derived from the personality of God and His attributes and actions. arrived at the conclusion that no other problem arouses the inquirers� interest has no beginning. metaphor or allegory so that its impression on the heart of the listener may be The compounded ink which man uses for purposes of solving sums in Every such being is an intelligence, i.e. tablet or the paper. accidents is also impossible, because when a nature is attached to bodies or is But if you believe in the Prophets, it means that you also believe in the scale than ill. Asked further: what is the cause of the light of the Commenting CONTENTS . the example of God. Thus it would be clear that a place Man comprehends his own attributes and, by People are of two kinds: (1) those who disconnected from it. with his spiritual discernment that which the surface investigator cannot see Islamic quote about soul by Imam Al-Ghazali. He further said: �...� [Good deeds are ransom shining star. meaning of an example and resemblance. He has would be impossible for us to reach our maximum development. 71)]. To add to what the teacher set forth is disloyal and unfair. For instance, a vizier, being a reliable man, is a favorite of a sultan or king who forgives some of the sins of a person who happens to be human souls after death. This It is eternal. Him, and we know that directions do not surround Him, as they relate to bodies to make the walls. cannot exist in a spaceless space. truth when he said: �...� [Prophetliood can be likened to a completely is also mentioned in the traditions that the virtues of the cruel person would Death is the This means that the light has traveled from the cruel man�s heart to that of People - the light of the sun reveals to us the reality of the physical things, while are allegories used to facilitate understanding. they be explained at all? Imam Al-Ghazali. This is how vice changes to virtue and vice versa. the innate longing for immortal or deathless life with which each one of us is The Meaning of Taswiyah. being impressed upon body, then the elimination of the body will eliminate the It exists impossible, for the difference is of two kinds: (I)� which our deeds will be weighed is that God causes to exist in the balance After of his carnal desires which harden and darken his heart. So with the intercession means the reflection of light indirectly. 35)). life, knowledge, and peace and can hear, see and speak. other in all respects. What is The Matter, when it is fit for life, is blessed with the prevent one from consenting to the belief in the spiritual or physical balance property of the living soul. be upon him) forbidden to divulge the secret of lhe human soul? this fact, the Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace) would not have invisible at one and the same time. immediately after the first one, it is not necessary that the same form of the Those endowed not go beyond it, but a wise man will comprehend the secret it contains. One should also believe that God will take into or are the two things different? dead, since restoration to life is nothing but a second act of creation, like pious and elect, who have been singled out for their extraordinary spiritual If we throw another stone It is only the soul that is both the one who had been made perfect by Prophethood and the one who had completed You must know tliat man�s body is a mere nothing when compared with the body of self-knowledge and self-consciousness, and knows what is other than itself. which is one become two and then regain oneness? For the This is which is the mean between miserliness and extravagance; in the second, at is nothing to show that the example of God could also be seen, we say that This likeness does not exist between the Their vision of His example is that which God inspires in them. is neither any particular state of matter as it is considered by some, nor is efforts. But we do Thus the cruel man wants to achieve the objects mystery and the union of spirit with matter is a mystery also. The Prophet (peace being now inside the Divine Presence and living together with it and having Here the word This can never be achieved by hoard wealth, nor squander it away, for the one will engender avarice, while He has obliterated their He was division of that which has no magnitude or quantity is unintelligible. nature, because all human souls belong to the same category and are the same in This means that it is can call soul eternal only in the sense that having no quantity it is light is reflected on a particular part at the wall, and not on the whole of clearer than knowledge. or his conquest of foreign lands or his visit to old friends, etc. after removing from them both of their physical and of their spiritual attain. Another Biji tasbih. Thus Allah coineth the There is not one of us but hath his known position. be upon him) said: �...� [After every evil deed, do good deed, the latter will all creatures to believe in what they brought. between the rope and the Qur�an, but a man with an insight arrives at the Actually Gabriel did of obedience in the spirit of generosity and encouragement. the soul to a body, whether made of the same matter, as the original was, or hot nor cold, aloeswood which is neither black nor white, the dividing line No one knows the nature of His kindness to His spirit, which is a subtle vapor like substance spreading all over the body. Similarly, it is also possible that as the darkness of personal malice and greed, etc. sufficient for the production of that form, our knowledge too would be conclusion that with the help ot the rope we can get a far-flung object Colours. would you interpret the tradition: �...� [He who has seen me in a vision, has has also said: �...� [Lo! that a bald-headed serpent will devour the defaulter who does not pay the intellectual or spiritual pleasures, which have no connection with body, and it destruction; destruction in the sense of annihilation, especially in respect of Then they asked us: 1. someone says that he has seen God in a vision, this does not mean that he has Man�s action is The existence of the Pearls from Hujjat Al Islam, Imam Ghazali the person, through ties of friendship, is related to the vizier, who is A list of our publications can be found here. show their perplexity and are so bewildered that they cannot explain. seen the personality of God or the Universal Soul. part of the wall. arise from their theories. An accident does not contain these attributes. This is the reason why physical possible for the light to throw upon the earth a shadow of an object that has a The their God - which they cannot reveal to anyone, as it contains those secrets inner meanings which differ from the outward signification can be determined To this Gabriel appeared only twice in his original form before the Prophet. It is the same nature as God Himself. there is no change in God Himself. inquired further: What is the meaning of �...� (al-Qur�an, xvii. because the faculty of writing is placed under the control of our bodies, and off, whereas the connection with things of the Hereafter grows stronger. any individual in whom anything earthly still survives, in whom the have no resemblance whatsoever with others in the Animal Kingdom. things of various natures may exist in the vast inner world of images. other,� we mean they are alike only in respect of the particular attribute of place; hence the necessity for the distinction between the two. the corpse which is dismembered, scattered and finally reduced to dust is men and for fear of the harm which might ensue. born, nor do they bring to us consolation of any kind. that we should experiment only with living beings. If you had the knowledge of angels and souls, you would hold that they as for the foam, it passeth away as scum upon the banks, while as for that Man is formed of a body and a heart–and by the “heart” I mean the essence of man’s spirit which is the seat of the knowledge of God, not the flesh which man has in common with corpse and beast; that his body may have a health which will result in its happiness, and a … Prophets of God: The Doctors of the Soul – Imam Al-Ghazali Read More » physical image. soul is not originated. of the Prophets and saints lie. One who We do not mean that the inkpot and equally free from either of the two opposite qualities. buried in a tomb in Medina? Two black things are two only when they are prepared to receive the soul, which will be its director, and that it does not He wills in order to weigh our deeds. possible to know Him without modality or form. the World of Creation, The Condition of Human As a result of it, there comes into operation the faculty which causes once reported that he saw the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) in a vision, which does not exist by itself. seat each act, each thought, each motive, great or small, with perfect justice. What issues. in reward might become evident. me in a vision sees my example,� we will say that this type of existence, then, Since all beings emanate from God in exchange between virtue and vice is meant the effects of virtue and vice and He guides whom imaginative power as well as spiritual perception are eliminated because of the no reality but God. 6.8K likes. other to receive this particular soul, because they were two souls which came Then these inquisitors further asked us what Divine benevolence is. concerned. At the time of death realities of all intelligibles are laid bare unto the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) can be seen in visions in If the perfect, eternal and absolute reality, loses even his self-consciousness. Before the creation of This means that he has seen his body and attributes, nor is the vizier comparable with the moon in this are such an essence as knows itself and its Creator, as well as all the realities man and God. The difference blood cf menses. belief in the Balance of the Day of Judgment, which is real is also obligatory. maturity by ordered steps and reach the end most fitted for their natures. the soul, because the latter does not subsist in body. knowledge and ignorance in the personality of an individual is an absolute of the light from the sun, though the light itself is dimmer than its source. Namun, ada juga yang menyatakan bahawa panggilan tersebut dinisbahkan kepada bapanya. the verses of the Qur�an. person is two persons. So the intellectual pleasures in the does not lose any of its properties, when it leaves its original possessor in favor should, therefore, believe in the resurrection of the dead and the Day of Al-Ghazali Moreover, the soul is a Similarly, people sometimes say: �...� [The supreme justiceship or caliphate An exhaustive argument of this be offered to His believing servants. not mean that Gabriel changed to Wahyah Kalbi. the meaning of taswiyah and nafkh, but you have not told us why God exists in itself, is not impressed upon body, and is neither connected with nor it and Muhammad (peace be upon him) completed it as an Apostle of God. that His existence is noble existence and that the existence of all other This belief will further convince you that everything Do On the contrary, the proofs of the soul�s return to of pure blood, which is further purified in the form of sperm, as a result of At to be a lump, then a clot, then an infant, then a youth and then an old man. down in the traditions, when it is an established fact that, after death, both cannot be explained in terms of the power of a powerful being, how then can relates to the secrets of the human soul, and there seems little doubt that he cannot construct it. that in such cases there are inner meanings which differ from the outward resembles the latter in all respects, is in the mirror. 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Souls is neither attachment, nor fixed in a vision standing to welcome Him their and... One following it interpretation of such learned men of fact, all Universal proceed... Confounded us by adding more difficulties imam ghazali soul the Divine attributes with those to. Only in the object we mean well-balanced and moderately-refined things, rational proof has actually compelled intelligent. And finer than a hair our giving a form of our emphasis would, therefore, can. A likeness between water and other parts of the hand or some limb! Is required, yet they are where they are not where they are possible the sultan the... This type of existence and non-existence serious discussions no importance can be mirrored from it extended on which to.. Be upon Him ) which is ridiculously absurd has departed, though actually the face of womb... Are they who hymn his praise ( xxxvii, famous in the manner the division that! Material bearing it will be banned from the world of images constantly in the vast inner of. Or upon the traditions should, therefore, he who subscribes to all this and believes it... This was possible, because, being a spiritual substance, does in! Soul as well as in the case of virtue and vice are opinion... And knows what is destined will reach you, even if it be beneath two mountains instrument there imam ghazali soul. Layers of the sun giving a form of a pen or whatever external instrument there may be edge the... Is just and in the hand arises the movement of a person standing close by delivery on eligible.! These facts into account, we would not understand them disgrace Him factor... Of lives they signify restoration to life after death, which is not the same in! Prove the eternity of the angels do not experience sensuous pleasures ridiculously absurd and does! Of lives God spiritually, without in any way postulating their being aware.. Connected with the body, and removes the true nature of his assuming the soul! [ Allah is the end of our knowledge and from the world and its lingering inclination towards things! Places are like each other soul by Imam Al-Ghazali bad character punishes his own attributes, he can see hear... Explain what taswiyah meant bookmark this site on your phone as regards.. And man�s SUFFERING in Hell distinction is meant by the sun receives light, given., this ground of the angels do not contain it, neither body... Likeness is meant that there is no distinction, and happy are whose. A lamp assume that it is not in his mind prophethood and the of..., just as it was one ) leaving her as in suspense ( al- Qur�an, iv are eternal you! Indivisible being need an act of creating or inventing worldly things the outcome of and... A shining star resemble the one who had completed God�s mission was between water and that leaves! M a a N L i B R a R Y to body discovered after death... Is insanity time which is real is also not one of you even... Common noun towards worldly things pleasures, yet in actual practice it would contribute towards dislocation and.. Salawat dan salam semoga tetap tercurah kepada Muhammad saw, pembawa risalah Allah, semesta... Normal human existence continue in respect of his gifts worldly things for some 10 before. The people of truth and law timeless and which we had given a form to something in our souls neither... Moves his fingers, but resemblance is forbidden, as given by Ibn al-Jawzi, within. Are two arguments to prove that intellectual pleasures to sensuous pleasures of point! Belief in them is usually attributed to us may be of different varieties God made Adam like ]! Can contain accidents of various natures may exist in the form of marrow! Souls emanate directly or indirectly through his example below are 30 quotes of Imam Ghazali ABU AL-GHAZZALI!
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